Anatomy of the ankle and foot.

@article{Riegger1988AnatomyOT,
  title={Anatomy of the ankle and foot.},
  author={Chery L. Riegger},
  journal={Physical therapy},
  year={1988},
  volume={68 12},
  pages={
          1802-14
        }
}
  • C. Riegger
  • Published 1 December 1988
  • Medicine
  • Physical therapy
The ankle and foot complex at times must be mobile and at other times must be quite stable. The bony, ligamentous, and muscular structures of the ankle and foot are presented with respect to their mobility and stability functions. Innervation and vascular supply are discussed. Normal anatomy provides a basis and a reference point for discussion of dysfunction of the ankle and foot. 
Foot biomechanics during walking and running.
Adult Acquired Flatfoot Deformity: Anatomy, Biomechanics, Staging, and Imaging Findings.
TLDR
The anatomy and function of the foot's stabilizing structures are emphasized to help the radiologist better understand this disabling disorder.
Osseous injuries of the foot: an imaging review. Part 3: the hindfoot
TLDR
A three-part imaging review in which the use of radiography as well as advanced imaging modalities are addressed, pearls to radiographic interpretation are provided and prognostic implications and classification systems are discussed.
Osseous injuries of the foot: an imaging review. Part 2: the midfoot
TLDR
A three-part imaging review in which the use of radiography as well as advanced imaging modalities are addressed, pearls to radiographic interpretation are provided and prognostic implications and classification systems are discussed.
The effect of football boots on the structure and function of the midfoot and the relationship to lower-extremity overuse injuries
TLDR
It was determined that in order to obtain a truer picture of foot function, dynamic data needed to be collected, and it was concluded that the foot may function similarly between static and dynamic loading conditions.
Rehabilitation and taping techniques in the athlete: hallux and first ray problems
TLDR
Having a comprehensive working knowledge of hallux and first ray kinematics helps the physical therapist or athletic trainer better assess the athlete’s dynamic function and injury, thus allowing them to develop a rationale for appropriate rehabilitation and taping techniques.
Current conservative management and classification of club foot: A review.
TLDR
The aim is to review the different types of conservative method and the assessment of clubfoot severity and to evaluate the outcome of the treatment.
Biomechanical model of the human foot: kinematics and kinetics during the stance phase of walking.
Shoes influence lower limb muscle activity and may predispose the wearer to lateral ankle ligament injury
TLDR
Muscle contraction following sudden inversion of the foot was significantly greater when wearing shoes, and this greater muscular contraction may be an intrinsic mechanism to oppose the increased moment created by the inverted foot/shoe condition.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 13 REFERENCES
Surgical implications of biomechanics of the foot and ankle.
  • R. Mann
  • Medicine, Biology
    Clinical orthopaedics and related research
  • 1980
Because of the nature of the alignment the joints of the lower extremity, any significant loss of alignment or function will place increased stress on the remaining joints. An ankle arthrodesis must
Physical examination of the spine and extremities
TLDR
1. Physical Examination of the Shoulder, followed by physical examination of the Cervical Spine and Temporomandibular Joint, and Examination of Gait.
Kinesiology: Application to Pathological Motion
TLDR
This new atlas features print anatomic images from the A.A.D.M. software program in a compendium of the fundamentals of human anatomy using both illustrations and actual cadaver views to increase the student user's understanding of the essentials with a regional approach.
Gray's Anatomy, 35th British edition.
TLDR
This latest British edition of Gray's, the new editors and main authors, Professors Warwick and Williams, have given a new text indeed, by integrating those views of the construction of the body obtained by microscopical and other techniques with those appreciated through dissection and the unaided eye.
Cunningham's Textbook of Anatomy, ed 10.
The latest edition of this well-known textbook of anatomy upholds the high standards of previous editions in fulfilling the stated objective as a "book of reference." The completely revised format is
Biomechanics of the foot.
  • R. Mann
  • Engineering
    Instructional course lectures
  • 1982
ed): Gray's Anatomy of the Human Body: Twenty-Ninth American Edition
  • 1973
Gray's Anatomy of the Human Body: Twenty-Ninth American Edition
  • Gray's Anatomy of the Human Body: Twenty-Ninth American Edition
  • 1973
...
...