Anatomy and Biomechanics of the Back Muscles in the Lumbar Spine With Reference to Biomechanical Modeling

@article{Hansen2006AnatomyAB,
  title={Anatomy and Biomechanics of the Back Muscles in the Lumbar Spine With Reference to Biomechanical Modeling},
  author={Lone Hansen and Mark de Zee and John Rasmussen and Thomas B. Andersen and Christian Wong and Erik B. Simonsen},
  journal={Spine},
  year={2006},
  volume={31},
  pages={1888-1899}
}
Study Design. This article describes the development of a musculoskeletal model of the human lumbar spine with focus on back muscles. It includes data from literature in a structured form. Objective. To review the anatomy and biomechanics of the back muscles related to the lumbar spine with relevance for biomechanical modeling. Summary of Background Data. To reduce complexity, muscle units have been incorporated in an abridged manner, reducing their actions more or less to a single force… 

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