Anatomical guides to precisely localize the frontal branch of the facial nerve.

OBJECTIVE To define the relationship between the frontal branch of the facial nerve and a series of blood vessels that are encountered during endoscopic forehead procedures. DESIGN Anatomical study using 6 fresh cadavers (12 sides). RESULTS In 11 of 12 dissected specimens, the blood vessels in the temporal region were found to lie within 2 mm of the… CONTINUE READING