Anatomical Specializations for Nocturnality in a Critically Endangered Parrot, the Kakapo (Strigops habroptilus)

@inproceedings{Corfield2011AnatomicalSF,
  title={Anatomical Specializations for Nocturnality in a Critically Endangered Parrot, the Kakapo (Strigops habroptilus)},
  author={Jeremy R. Corfield and Anna C. Gsell and Dianne H. Brunton and Christopher P. Heesy and Margaret Isabel Hall and Monica L Acosta and Andrew N Iwaniuk},
  booktitle={PloS one},
  year={2011}
}
The shift from a diurnal to nocturnal lifestyle in vertebrates is generally associated with either enhanced visual sensitivity or a decreased reliance on vision. Within birds, most studies have focused on differences in the visual system across all birds with respect to nocturnality-diurnality. The critically endangered Kakapo (Strigops habroptilus), a parrot endemic to New Zealand, is an example of a species that has evolved a nocturnal lifestyle in an otherwise diurnal lineage, but nothing is… CONTINUE READING