Anatomic landmarks for localization of the spinal accessory nerve.

@article{Durazzo2009AnatomicLF,
  title={Anatomic landmarks for localization of the spinal accessory nerve.},
  author={Marcelo Doria Durazzo and Julio C Furlan and Gilberto Vaz Teixeira and Celso Ubirajara Moretto Friguglietti and Marco Aur{\'e}lio Vamondes Kulcsar and Roberto Jos{\'e} Pessoa Magalh{\~a}es and Alberto Rossetti Ferraz and Lenine Garcia Brand{\~a}o},
  journal={Clinical anatomy},
  year={2009},
  volume={22 4},
  pages={
          471-5
        }
}
This anatomical study examines the anatomic topography and landmarks for localization of the spinal accessory nerve (SAN) during surgical dissections in 40 fresh human cadavers (2 females and 38 males; ages from 22 to 89 years with a mean of 60 years). In the submandibular region, the SAN was found anteriorly to the transverse process of the atlas in 77.5% of the dissections. When the SAN crossed the posterior belly of the digastric muscle, the mean distance from the point of crossing to the… CONTINUE READING
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