Clinical outcomes of double membrane peeling with or without simultaneous phacoemulsification/gas tamponade for vitreoretinal-interface-associated (VRI) disorders
PURPOSE To evaluate the outcomes of patients with vitreomacular traction syndrome (VMT) treated with triamcinolone acetonid (TA) assisted 23-gauge (23-G) transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy. METHODS Restrospective, case series. The medical charts of 13 eyes of 13 consecutive patients with VMT who underwent 23-gauge transconjunctival pars plana vitrectomy were reviewed. All patients had at least six-month follow-up. The main outcome parameters were changes in best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and central macular thickness (CMT) between the baseline and postoperative follow- up examinations performed at the first, third, and sixth months after the surgery. RESULTS The mean follow-up period was 7 (range 6-15) months. The mean preoperative BCVA was 1.3±0.4 (logmar). The final BCVA was 0.5±0.3 (logmar) (p = 0.001). The mean CMT was 429±85 µm at baseline, which was significantly reduced to 255±47 µm at the final follow-up visit (p = 0.001). The mean CMT reduction was 174±101 (range: 32-348) µm. No postoperative complications were seen such as endophthalmitis, retinal detachment, hypotony, or glaucoma. CONCLUSION Triamcinolone assisted 23-G transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy is an effective and safe surgical technique in the management of VMT syndrome. Further studies with large case series are needed.