# Analyzing and Visualizing State Sequences in R with TraMineR

@article{Gabadinho2011AnalyzingAV, title={Analyzing and Visualizing State Sequences in R with TraMineR}, author={Alexis Gabadinho and Gilbert Ritschard and Nicolas S. M{\"u}ller and Matthias Studer}, journal={Journal of Statistical Software}, year={2011}, volume={40}, pages={1-37} }

This article describes the many capabilities offered by the TraMineR toolbox for categorical sequence data. [...] Key Method The core element of the package is the state se- quence object in which we store the set of sequences together with attributes such as the alphabet, state labels and the color palette. The functions can then easily retrieve this information to ensure presentation homogeneity across all printed and graphical displays. The article also demonstrates how TraMineR’s outcomes give access to… Expand

## Figures, Tables, and Topics from this paper

## 736 Citations

Discrepancy Analysis of State Sequences

- Mathematics
- 2011

In this article, the authors define a methodological framework for analyzing the relationship between state sequences and covariates. Inspired by the principles of analysis of variance, this approach…

Combining Sequence Analysis and Hidden Markov Models in the Analysis of Complex Life Sequence Data

- Computer Science
- 2018

The proposed approach for compressing, interpreting, and visualizing the information within multichannel sequences by finding groups of similar trajectories and similar phases within trajectories belonging to the same group can be useful in various longitudinal problems.

Graphical Tools of Discrete Longitudinal Data Presentation in R

- Computer ScienceEconometrics
- 2019

The main aim of this paper is to present the changing perceptions of the financial situation in Poland using different graphical tools for the heterogonous discrete longitudinal data sets and present demographics features for those changes.

Using sequence analysis to visualize and validate model transitions

- Computer Science
- 2020

The conclusion is that SA is a useful tool also in a microsimulation context, in visualizing and validating simulated model transitions when statistically more sophisticated mixture modeling are not applicable.

Some Methods for Longitudinal and Cross-Sectional Visualization with Further Applications in the Context of Heat Maps

- Computer Science
- 2018

When cancer state transition graphics for competing therapies are juxtaposed, there can be a quick read of early versus late response to therapy, the depth and duration of response as well as a rough gauge of events such as progression and death.

Graphical Representation of Transitions and Sequences

- Computer Science
- 2014

The algorithmic approach of sequence analysis has the ability to handle the complexity of social processes empirically and the problem of graphical representation persists because the use of categorical time series involving many individuals requires multidimensional visualisation, but the general form of (printed) scientific publications is still black and white.

Analyzing state sequences with probabilistic suffix trees: the PST R package

- Computer Science
- 2016

The PST R package for categorical sequence analysis with probabilistic suffix trees (PSTs), i.e., structures that store variable-length Markov chains (VLMCs), is presented, specifically adapted to the field of social sciences.

Analyzing Sequence Data

- Computer Science
- 2014

Optimal matching (OM), an invaluable yet underutilized tool in the analysis of sequence data, is discussed and an illustration of its use in the examination of careers of deans at U.S. business schools is provided.

Measuring the Nature of Individual Sequences

- Sociological Methods & Research
- 2021

This study reviews and compares indicators that can serve to characterize numerically the nature of state sequences. It also introduces several new indicators. Alongside basic measures such as the…

Visualizing Sequences in the Social Sciences

- Computer Science
- 2014

The authors propose relative frequency sequence plots as an informative way of graphing sequence data and as a bridge between data representation graphs and data summarization graphs.

## References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 69 REFERENCES

Discrepancy Analysis of State Sequences

- Mathematics
- 2011

In this article, the authors define a methodological framework for analyzing the relationship between state sequences and covariates. Inspired by the principles of analysis of variance, this approach…

Extracting and Rendering Representative Sequences

- Computer ScienceIC3K
- 2009

The proposed heuristic for extracting the representative subset requires as main arguments a pairwise distance matrix, a representativeness criterion and a distance threshold under which two sequences are considered as redundant or, identically, in the neighborhood of each other.

Measuring the Agreement between Sequences

- Mathematics
- 1995

The present article proposes a new method to assess distances between sequences of states, belonging to, for instance, event histories. It is based on the number of moves needed to turn one sequence…

Converting between Various Sequence Representations

- Computer Science
- 2009

This chapter discusses the advantages and limits of different ways of representing time stamped event and state sequence data and presents solutions for automatically converting between various formats, e.g., between horizontal and vertical presentations.

Sequence Analysis with Stata

- Computer Science
- 2006

Stata becomes the first statistical package to offer a complete set of tools for sequence analysis and introduce SQ-Ados, a bundle of Stata programs implementing the proposed strategy.

Optimal Matching Methods for Historical Sequences

- Sociology
- 1986

common script is standard historical and sociological fare. In the passage from which this quote is drawn, Rude describes a script proceeding from general grievances to triggering events and on to a…

Sequence Analysis in Demographic Research

- Computer Science
- 2001

This paper examines the salient features of sequence analysis in demographic
research. The new approach allows a holistic perspective on life course analysis, and is based on a representation of…

The Mixture Transition Distribution Model for High-Order Markov Chains and Non-Gaussian Time Series

- Mathematics
- 2002

The mixture transition distribution model (MTD) was introduced in 1985 by Raftery for the modeling of high-order Markov chains with a finite state space. Since then it has been generalized and…

The analysis of early life courses: Complex descriptions of the transition to adulthood

- Sociology
- 2001

The quantitative analysis of life courses has to deal with a complex pattern of interrelated events and trajectories. Such a complex pattern needs complex measurement tools, even if only to describe…

Optimal Matching and Social Sciences

- Computer Science
- 2006

A formulation of substitution costs taking advantage of the socialstructuration of time is proposed for sequences sharing the same calendar: dynamicsubstitution costs can be derived from the series of transition matrices describingsocial sub-rhythms.