Analyzing a bioterror attack on the food supply: the case of botulinum toxin in milk.

  title={Analyzing a bioterror attack on the food supply: the case of botulinum toxin in milk.},
  author={Lawrence M. Wein and Yifan Liu},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  volume={102 28},
We developed a mathematical model of a cows-to-consumers supply chain associated with a single milk-processing facility that is the victim of a deliberate release of botulinum toxin. Because centralized storage and processing lead to substantial dilution of the toxin, a minimum amount of toxin is required for the release to do damage. Irreducible uncertainties regarding the dose-response curve prevent us from quantifying the minimum effective release. However, if terrorists can obtain enough… CONTINUE READING

From This Paper

Figures, tables, and topics from this paper.
99 Citations
4 References
Similar Papers


Publications citing this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 99 extracted citations


Publications referenced by this paper.
Showing 1-4 of 4 references

The Challenge of Proliferation: A Report of the Aspen Strategy Group, ed

  • R. Danzig
  • 2005
1 Excerpt

Catastrophic Bioterrorism–What is to be Done? (Center for Technology and National Security Policy, National Defense

  • R. Danzig
  • 2003
1 Excerpt

Clostridium botulinum: Ecology and Control in Foods

  • L. S. Siegel
  • 1993
1 Excerpt

The Toxicity of Clostridium botulinum Type A Toxin for Various Species of Animals (Institute of Cooperative Research, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia)

  • H. E. Morton
  • 1961

Similar Papers

Loading similar papers…