Analyzing Schools as Organizations: Long-term Permanence and Short-term Change.

  title={Analyzing Schools as Organizations: Long-term Permanence and Short-term Change.},
  author={Charles Everett Bidwell},
  journal={Sociology Of Education},
  • C. Bidwell
  • Published 2001
  • Education
  • Sociology Of Education
In this article, principal theoretical developments in the study of schools as organizations are reviewed, particularly, neo-institutional theory and the analysis of the faculty workplace. On the basis of this review, a theoretical approach that integrates the two is proposed. In this approach, institutional constraints on schools and administrative response to them serve as prime sources of the exceptional stability of the formal organization of school districts and schools. Networks of… 

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