Analytic results for the three-sphere swimmer at low Reynolds number.

@article{Golestanian2008AnalyticRF,
  title={Analytic results for the three-sphere swimmer at low Reynolds number.},
  author={Ramin Golestanian and Armand Ajdari},
  journal={Physical review. E, Statistical, nonlinear, and soft matter physics},
  year={2008},
  volume={77 3 Pt 2},
  pages={036308}
}
The simple model of a low Reynolds number swimmer made from three spheres that are connected by two arms is considered in its general form and analyzed. The swimming velocity, force-velocity response, power consumption, and efficiency of the swimmer are calculated both for general deformations and also for specific model prescriptions. The role of noise and coherence in the stroke cycle is also discussed.