Analysis of the Influence of Type of Diabetes Mellitus on the Development and Type of Glaucoma

Abstract

AIM Main the goal of the research is to analyze the occurrence of glaucoma in patients with diabetes mellitus type 1 (DM type 1) and diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM type 2). PATIENTS AND METHODS The study involved 140 patients, 34 with DM type 1 and 106 with DM type2. In relation to the type of glaucoma to the patients are divided into two groups: Primary and Secondary glaucoma. According to the stage of diabetic retinopathy (DR) patients were analyzed in three groups: non-proliferative, preproliferative and proliferative DR. Since ophthalmological parameters were analyzed: best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), intraocular pressure (IOP), visual field (VF) of computerized perimetry, excavatio optic nerve (E/D) by optic coherent tomography (OCT). RESULTS Applying the test of quotient chance found that subjects with DM type 1 have a 5.94 times greater chance of developing secondary glaucoma, but is of primary (P <0.0001). In patients with DM type 2, where the chance of getting the subjects of secondary glaucoma 4.43 times larger than that of the primary (P = 0.0002). CONCLUSION Patients with DM type have great chance of developing secondary glaucoma of the primary. Primary glaucoma more common in NPDR but secondary glaucoma more common in PDR.

DOI: 10.5455/medarh.2015.69.34-37

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Zvornianin2015AnalysisOT, title={Analysis of the Influence of Type of Diabetes Mellitus on the Development and Type of Glaucoma}, author={Jasmin Zvorni{\vc}anin}, booktitle={Medical archives}, year={2015} }