- D. Koval, V. Kasicka, J. Jiracek
- Collinsova, Electrophoresis,
Electrophoretic migration of analytes in capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) reflects the dissolved status of analytes in solution, and the electrophoretic mobility is controlled to develop the resolution among analytes by adding a "modifier" to the migrating solution. Such addition of modifier is essentially the utilization of molecular interactions. Precise measurement of electrophoretic mobility by CZE allows analyzing molecular interactions, and CZE apparatus is very useful for physicochemical measurements. This review focuses on the advantages on using CZE to analyze equilibrium reaction; the capillary electrophoretic method and mathematical analyses that apply acid dissociation and complex formation reactions are also validated. Ion association reactions are deeply related to analytical chemistry and separation science, and CZE has been used for the investigation of ion-ion interactions. Various types of interactions have been clarified through the CZE measurements: contributions of hydrophobicity, probability, and aromatic-aromatic interaction were quantitatively evaluated. Ion association reaction in aqueous solution also elucidates the stepwise reactions of liquid-liquid distribution of ion associates. Development and applications of ion association reaction in CZE analysis are also introduced.