Extracting and Selecting Distinctive EEG Features for Efficient Epileptic Seizure Prediction
A graphical and analytical description of epileptic seizures based on amplitude modulation and frequency modulation components of intracranial EEG (iEEG) is proposed. This representation allows the characterization of seizures and their different stages from the iEEG by means of triangles whose vertexes are the centroids (cm) of the signal during preictal, ictal and postictal periods. The centroid is the point defined by the average values of instantaneous amplitude and frequency, ai and fi respectively. Data were obtained from 8 patients with recurrent epilepsy, 170 records were processed, 62 of which were seizures and 108 interictal signals. Results show that the centroids of the ictal periods are located in a region of the space ai-fi distant from the centroids corresponding to interictal and postictal periods. This original representation of epileptic seizures can facilitate the visualization of stage-transitions and discrimination between the different stages of the iEEG signal. An additional advantage of the method is that the information contained in the signal is synthesized significantly.