Analysis of hydraulic fracturing additives by LC/Q-TOF-MS.

@article{Ferrer2015AnalysisOH,
  title={Analysis of hydraulic fracturing additives by LC/Q-TOF-MS.},
  author={Imma Ferrer and E Michael Thurman},
  journal={Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry},
  year={2015},
  volume={407 21},
  pages={6417-28}
}
The chemical additives used in fracturing fluids can be used as tracers of water contamination caused by hydraulic fracturing operations. For this purpose, a complete chemical characterization is necessary using advanced analytical techniques. Liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC/Q-TOF-MS) was used to identify chemical additives present in flowback and produced waters. Accurate mass measurements of main ions and fragments were used to characterize… CONTINUE READING
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