Analysis of cadmium, nickel, and lead in commercial moist and dry snuff used in Pakistan.


The extent to which smokeless tobacco endangers human health is an ongoing subject of debate. In this study, concentrations of toxic metals, cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), and nickel (Ni), were measured in different snuff products (dry brown and black and moist green and brown), available and consumed in Pakistan. Concentrations of Cd, Pb, and Ni were determined… (More)
DOI: 10.1007/s10661-012-2936-y


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