Analysis of a prehistoric Egyptian iron bead with implications for the use and perception of meteorite iron in ancient Egypt

  title={Analysis of a prehistoric Egyptian iron bead with implications for the use and perception of meteorite iron in ancient Egypt},
  author={Diane Johnson and Joyce Tyldesley and Tristan Lowe and Philip J. Withers and Monica M. Grady},
  journal={Meteoritics \& Planetary Science},
Tube‐shaped beads excavated from grave pits at the prehistoric Gerzeh cemetery, approximately 3300 BCE, represent the earliest known use of iron in Egypt. Using a combination of scanning electron microscopy and micro X‐ray microcomputer tomography, we show that microstructural and chemical analysis of a Gerzeh iron bead is consistent with a cold‐worked iron meteorite. Thin fragments of parallel bands of taenite within a meteoritic Widmanstätten pattern are present, with structural distortion… 
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