Analysis and modeling of entrainment in chorus singing


The dynamics of the contour of the fundamental frequency (F<sub>0</sub>) of singing voices in a chorus is analyzed from the view point of `entrainment' in singing behavior. The One-Mass-Two-Spring (OMTS) coupled system is used as the mathematical model of the contour of the F<sub>0</sub> of singing voices that are concurrently singing the same melody. Using this model, the characteristics of the F<sub>0</sub> dynamics of a voice singing in a chorus are parameterized by the mass, the coefficients of friction, and the spring factors of an OMTS system. It is experimentally confirmed that a steepest decent method can estimate the four model parameters, so that the model can generate the F<sub>0</sub> contour of a voice singing in a chorus with a less than 44.4 cents of RMS error. Preliminary experiments also show that experienced and novice singers can be correctly identified using the parameters of our model, because their entrainment behaviors are significantly different.

DOI: 10.1109/ICASSP.2013.6639181

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@article{Kawagishi2013AnalysisAM, title={Analysis and modeling of entrainment in chorus singing}, author={Motonari Kawagishi and Shota Kawabuchi and Chiyomi Miyajima and Norihide Kitaoka and Kazuya Takeda}, journal={2013 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing}, year={2013}, pages={7795-7799} }