Analysis, synthesis, and perception of voice quality variations among female and male talkers.

  title={Analysis, synthesis, and perception of voice quality variations among female and male talkers.},
  author={Dennis H. Klatt and L C Klatt},
  journal={The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America},
  volume={87 2},
  • D. Klatt, L. C. Klatt
  • Published 1 February 1990
  • Physics
  • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Voice quality variations include a set of voicing sound source modifications ranging from laryngealized to normal to breathy phonation. Analysis of reiterant imitations of two sentences by ten female and six male talkers has shown that the potential acoustic cues to this type of voice quality variation include: (1) increases to the relative amplitude of the fundamental frequency component as open quotient increases; (2) increases to the amount of aspiration noise that replaces higher frequency… 

Modeling Different Voice Qualities for Female and Male Talkers Using a Geometric-Kinematic Articulatory Voice Source Model : Preliminary Results

Modeling natural sounding voice qualities – for example the pressed-modalbreathy voice quality continuum which widely occurs during normal speech production – is a crucial point in speech synthesis.

Variability in the relationships among voice quality, harmonic amplitudes, open quotient, and glottal area waveform shape in sustained phonation.

H1*-H2* can be predicted with good overall accuracy, but its relationship to phonatory characteristics appears to be speaker dependent.

Some problems in voice source analysis


The perceptual relevance of the major source correlates of breathy voice quality were tested with stimuli synthesised using KLSYN88 with the modified LF voice source option. Starting from an

Experiments in voice quality modification of natural speech signals: the spectral approach

A new method for voice quality modi cation that takes advantage of a spectral theory for voice source signal representation and an algorithm based on periodic-aperiodic decomposition and spectral processing (using the short-term Fourier transform) is described.

Aerodynamic and acoustical measures of speech, operatic, and Broadway vocal styles in a professional female singer.

Acoustic and aerodynamic analyses of a female subject with professional experience in both operatic and Broadway styles of singing, who sang examples in these two styles emerged as distinctly different from Broadway style, the latter being more similar to speaking.

Using voice conversion as a paradigm for analyzing breathy singing voices

The results suggest that the vocal tract does have an influence on the perception of breathy voices, and further testing is recommended to verify these results.



Acoustic correlates of breathiness: First harmonic amplitude, turbulence noise, and tracheal coupling

A selected sample of reiterant speech has been collected from ten female speakers and six male controls in order to quantify acoustic correlates of perceived breathiness of the female voice, and to

Detailed spectral analysis of a female voice

Several thousand DFT magnitude spectra have been produced for a selected sample of speech from a single female speaker having a pleasant voice quality. The speaker sustained a number of different

Enhanced amplitude of the first harmonic as a correlate of voicelessness in aspirated consonants

Acoustic analysis was undertaken to test the hypothesis that information signaling voicelessness era preceding aspirated consonant may reside in spectral characteristics associated with “breathy

Cross language study of the effects of voiced/voiceless consonants on the vowel voice source characteristics

Source characteristics of a vowel may differ according to the voiced/ voiceless nature of adjacent consonants. The postvocalic consonant could be particularly crucial, as vocal fold abduction for a

Study of variations in the male and female glottal wave.

A reflectionless metal tube which can act as a pseudoinfinite termination of the vocal tract was used to collect glottal volume-velocity waveforms produced by 10 male and female adult subjects, indicating a wide variation of theglottal waveform shape, its rms intensity and fundamental frequency, phase spectrum, and intensity spectrum.

Role of formant transitions in the voiced-voiceless distinction for stops.

The experiments with synthetic speech compare the role of VOT and the presence or absence of a significant formant transition following voicing onset as cues for the voiced‐voiceless distinction and indicate that there is a significant trading relationship between these two cues.

A mixed‐source model for speech compression and synthesis

This paper presents an excitation source model for speech compression and synthesis that allows the degree of voicing to be varied continuously by mixing voiced (pulse) and unvoiced (noise)

The phonetic description of voice quality

The importance of an individual's voice in everyday social interaction can scarcely be overestimated. It is an essential element in the listener's analysis of the speaker's physical, psychological

A mixed-source model for speech compression and synthesis

An excitation source model for speech compression and synthesis is presented, which allows for a degree of voicing by mixing voiced (pulse) and unvoiced (noise) excitations in a frequency-selective manner.