Analogy in science: Where do we go from here?

  title={Analogy in science: Where do we go from here?},
  author={Joseph P. Little},
  journal={Rhetoric Society Quarterly},
  pages={69 - 92}
  • J. Little
  • Published 2000
  • Sociology
  • Rhetoric Society Quarterly
Abstract Rhetoric of science has come a long way in understanding the role of analogy in scientific language and thought. Further progress is hindered, however, by the analytic and methodological limitations native to classical rhetoric. Accordingly, I turn to cognitive psychology for an adequate theory of analogy through which to remedy this stalled research program. Using Dedre Gentner's Structure Mapping theory of analogy, I investigate the role of the Saturnian analogy in Hantaro Nagaoka ‘s… Expand
Toward Sociocultural Sensitivity in Rhetorical Studies of Analogy: Theoretical and Methodological Considerations
In their macroscopic approach to analogy, rhetorical studies project the latent assumption that sound analogical reasoning is a universal property of human consciousness rather than a socioculturallyExpand
Resources for Research on Analogy: A Multi-disciplinary Guide
Work on analogy has been done from a number of disciplinary perspectives throughout the history of Western thought. This work is a multidisciplinary guide to theorizing about analogy. It containsExpand
From Chick to Child: The Role of Analogy in the Making of Thorndike's Educational Science
In this article, the first to analyze the role of analogy in Edward Thorndike's educational vision, I argue that the feat of Thorndike's analogy-making was his ability to launch an experimentalExpand
The Peter Effect in Early Experimental Education Research
One of the signatures of scientific writing is its ability to present the claims of science as if they were “untouched by human hands.” In the early years of experimental education, researchersExpand
Understanding Statistical Significance: A Conceptual History
Few concepts in the social sciences have wielded more discriminatory power over the status of knowledge claims than that of statistical significance. Currently operationalized as a = 0.05,Expand
The Role of Analogy in George Gamow's Derivation of Drop Energy
This article examines the role of the liquid drop analogy in George Gamow's theory of nuclear structure and his subsequent derivation of nuclear energy. It argues that the correspondencesExpand
Achieving Objectivity through Genred Activity: A Case Study
Finding itself at the center of highly publicized legal and political deliberations over fairness in testing, personnel credibility, and legal liability, the training department at a North AmericanExpand
A Bibliography of Works Published in the History of Professional Communication from 1994–2009: Part 2
Part 1 of this essay, published in volume 41, number 2, stated our intent: to assimilate and describe work published on the history of professional communication since 1993, when William Rivers’Expand
Teaching for Long-Term Memory
  • E. Nechita
  • Computer Science
  • Advanced Intelligent Computational Technologies and Decision Support Systems
  • 2014
This chapter investigates the use of analogy as a strategy for encoding information in long-term memory for students to use analogy when learning computer science. Expand
2000 ATTW Bibliography
This monograph is intended to serve as a springboard for future research into post-graduate education, particularly in the fields of education and media studies. Expand


Marbles, dimples, rubber sheets, and quantum wells: The role of analogy in the rhetoric of science
"delegitimate any work that has been done on scientific style and arrangement and any attention that has been paid to ethical and pathetical proofs in science" (252) by scholars in sociology andExpand
The shift from metaphor to analogy in western science
Analogy and metaphor are central to scientific thought. They figure in discovery, as in Rutherford's analogy of the solar system for the atom or Faraday's use of lines of magnetized iron filings toExpand
The idea of rhetoric in the rhetoric of science
A striking but insufficiently examined feature of the current revival of interest in rhetoric is its positioning primarily as a hermeneutic metadiscourse rather than as a substantive discourseExpand
Rhetoric of Science.
Before we begin, please take another look at the title; in particular, please notice that, open-ended and swollen though it is, it manages to avoid three words, one big, one mid-sized, and, in theExpand
Scientific Communication and Metaphors: An Analysis of Einstein's 1905 Special Relativity Paper
Examining the history of science from the perspective of metaphor suggests that there are few differences between the literal and the metaphorical in scientific discourse. The central role ofExpand
Charles darwin and the crisis of ecology: A rhetorical perspective
Rhetorical critics need to be sensitive to the broader possibilities of their role as accessory to the historian. In addition to analyzing persuasive works in relationship to the initial audiences toExpand
The Invisible Rhetorician: Charles Darwin's "Third Party" Strategy
ur traditional picture of Darwin is of a reclusive semiinvalid, for twenty years secretive about fus theory, and once it was published, reluctant to engage in its public defense. We think of DarwinExpand
Analogical Reasoning and Conceptual Change: A Case Study of Johannes Kepler
It is argued that analogical reasoning facilitates change of knowledge in four ways: (a) highlighting, (b) projection, (c) rerepresentation, and (d) restructuring within the context of structure-mapping theory and its computational implementation, the structure- mapping engine. Expand
Scientific Revolution and the Grammar of Culture: The Case of Darwin's "Origin.".
This essay addresses the question: If an intellectual change is truly fundamental, how can it be socially comprehensible? The question is particularly pressing in the case of Darwin's Origin, whichExpand
Analogical Mapping by Constraint Satisfaction
A theory of analogical mapping between source and target analogs based upon interacting structural, semantic, and pragmatic constraints is proposed here and is able to account for empirical findings regarding the impact of consistency and similarity on human processing of analogies. Expand