Analgesic effectiveness of caudal levobupivacaine and ketamine.

  title={Analgesic effectiveness of caudal levobupivacaine and ketamine.},
  author={Bruno Guido Locatelli and Geoff P Frawley and Angelica Spotti and Pablo Ingelmo and Serge Kaplanian and Barbara Rossi and L Monia and V. Sonzogni},
  journal={British journal of anaesthesia},
  volume={100 5},
BACKGROUND Ketamine is used increasingly in paediatric anaesthetic practice to prolong the action of a caudal block. This study was designed to determine if adding S(+)-ketamine 0.5 mg kg(-1) allows a lower concentration of levobupivacaine to be used for caudal anaesthesia without loss of clinical effectiveness. METHODS One hundred and sixty-four children (ASA I or II) aged 3 months-6 yr were randomly allocated to receive 1 ml kg(-1) of levobupivacaine 0.15% with 0.5 mg kg(-1) S(+)-ketamine… CONTINUE READING


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Caudal 0.2% ropivacaine

  • P Ingelmo, B Locatelli, V Sonzogni
  • children. Br J Anaesth
  • 2005

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