Anaerobic ammonium oxidation by anammox bacteria in the Black Sea

  title={Anaerobic ammonium oxidation by anammox bacteria in the Black Sea},
  author={Marcel M M Kuypers and A. Olav Sliekers and Gaute Lavik and Markus Schmid and Bo Barker J\orgensen and Johannes Gijs Kuenen and Jaap Smede Sinninghe Damst{\'e} and Marc Strous and Mike S. M. Jetten},
The availability of fixed inorganic nitrogen (nitrate, nitrite and ammonium) limits primary productivity in many oceanic regions. The conversion of nitrate to N2 by heterotrophic bacteria (denitrification) is believed to be the only important sink for fixed inorganic nitrogen in the ocean. Here we provide evidence for bacteria that anaerobically oxidize ammonium with nitrite to N2 in the world's largest anoxic basin, the Black Sea. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequences shows… CONTINUE READING
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