Anabolic steroids and male infertility: a comprehensive review

  title={Anabolic steroids and male infertility: a comprehensive review},
  author={Guilherme Leme de Souza and Jorge Hallak},
  journal={BJU International},
What’s known on the subject? and What does the study add? 

Recreational drugs and male fertility

The authors explore the impact of modifiable factors such as smoking, alcohol and substance abuse on male reproductive health with a focus on men's sexual health.

Health consequences of androgenic anabolic steroid use

The lifetime prevalence of androgenic anabolic steroid abuse is estimated to be around 6% for men, but there is limited knowledge about the side effects of these drugs.

Assessment of the Male Partner

Male infertility is the only factor in up to 20% of couples with infertility and contributes to an additional 30% of cases.

Clinical Reproductive Medicine and Surgery

Clinical reproductive medicine and surgery : , Clinical reproductive medicine and surgery : , کتابخانه دیجیتال جندی شاپور اهواز

Management of Anabolic Steroid-Induced Infertility: Novel Strategies for Fertility Maintenance and Recovery

Management strategies for complex patients suffering from hypogonadism are reviewed and novel medications that may be of use in this population of men are explored.

Overview of current approaches to the evaluation and management of male infertility.

Advances in the identification and management of male factor infertility have provided new and often successful options for paternity.

Testosterone and Male Infertility.

Lifestyle Advice for Sub-fertile Men

Sub-fertile men who reduce their exposure to harmful substances and lead an active and healthy lifestyle can significantly boost their chances of fathering a healthy child.

Semen analysis of renal transplant patients undergoing immunosuppressive treatment

Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Health Sciences in Clinical Technology, Durban University of Technology, Durban, South Africa, 2017.

Anabolic steroid misuse and male infertility: management and strategies to improve patient awareness

Current literature suggests that spermatogenesis can be safely recovered using a combination of SERMs, hCG, AIs and rFSH although additional studies are necessary.



Conservative management of azoospermia following steroid abuse.

This work presents four cases of steroid-induced azoospermia, its conservative management and eventual return of normal semen density.

Current Concepts in Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids

  • N. Evans
  • Medicine, Biology
    The American journal of sports medicine
  • 2004
Clinical studies have discovered novel therapeutic uses for physiologic doses of AAS, without any significant adverse effects in the short term, and guidelines for the clinical evaluation of Aas users will be presented for sports medicine practitioners.

Testicular biopsy score count--a method for registration of spermatogenesis in human testes: normal values and results in 335 hypogonadal males.

A new and rapid method for registration of spermatogenesis in human testes: the testicular biopsy score count is described.

Concomitant abuse of anabolic androgenic steroids and human chorionic gonadotrophin impairs spermatogenesis in power athletes.

The concomitant abuse of HCG and supraphysiological AAS dose cause transient impairment on semen quality in males, although spermatogenesis is maintained with this regimen despite prolonged abuse of massive doses of AAS.

The effects of an anabolic steroid (oxandrolone) on reproductive development in the male rat.

Treatment of immature male rats with oxandrolone results in effects on the adult male reproductive system which are profound and occur at several levels, the most likely affected sites are the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and the Leydig cells.

Pharmacology of anabolic steroids

  • A. Kicman
  • Biology, Medicine
    British journal of pharmacology
  • 2008
Anabolic steroids are being considered for the treatment of cachexia associated with chronic disease states, and to address loss of muscle mass in the elderly, but nevertheless their efficacy still needs to be demonstrated in terms of improved physical function and quality of life.

Effects of anabolic steroid (19-nortestosterone) on the secretion of testicular hormones in the stallion.

The treatment of mature stallions with nandrolone decanoate caused a decrease in the secretion of ir-inhibin and testosterone from the testis, the depletion of the number of Leydig cells and a decrease below detectable amounts of inhibin alpha-subunit and steroidogenesis enzymes.