Anabolic steroid-induced hypogonadism: diagnosis and treatment.

  title={Anabolic steroid-induced hypogonadism: diagnosis and treatment.},
  author={Cyrus D Rahnema and Larry I. Lipshultz and Lindsey E. Crosnoe and Jason Ronald Kovac and Edward D. Kim},
  journal={Fertility and sterility},
  volume={101 5},
OBJECTIVE To develop an understanding of hypogonadal men with a history of anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) use and to outline recommendations for management. DESIGN Review of published literature and expert opinions. Intended as a meta-analysis, but no quality studies met the inclusion criteria. SETTING Not applicable. PATIENT(S) Men seeking treatment for symptomatic hypogonadism who have used nonprescribed AAS. INTERVENTION(S) History and physical examination followed by medical… CONTINUE READING
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Current concepts in anabolic-androgenic steroids

  • NA Evans
  • Am J Sports Med
  • 2004
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