An updated review on pathophysiology and management of burning mouth syndrome with endocrinological, psychological and neuropathic perspectives.

@article{Imamura2019AnUR,
  title={An updated review on pathophysiology and management of burning mouth syndrome with endocrinological, psychological and neuropathic perspectives.},
  author={Yoshiki Imamura and Takahiro Shinozaki and Akiko Okada-Ogawa and Noboru Noma and Masahiro Shinoda and Koichi Iwata and Akihiko Wada and Osamu Abe and Kelun Wang and Peter O. Svensson},
  journal={Journal of oral rehabilitation},
  year={2019},
  volume={46 6},
  pages={
          574-587
        }
}
Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is a chronic oro-facial pain disorder of unknown cause. It is more common in peri- and post-menopausal women, and sex hormone dysregulation is believed to be an important causative factor. Psychosocial events often trigger or exacerbate symptoms, and persons with BMS appear to be predisposed towards anxiety and depression. Atrophy of small nerve fibres in the tongue epithelium has been reported, and potential neuropathic mechanisms for BMS are now widely… CONTINUE READING
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