An update on determination of language dominance in screening for epilepsy surgery: the Wada test and newer noninvasive alternatives.


The intracarotid amobarbital procedure or Wada test has been the gold standard for lateralization of language dominance before epilepsy surgery. It is based on deactivation of language cortex with intracarotid anesthesia. However, it is an invasive test with risks and discomforts, and it also has limitations. There has been great interest in replacing the… (More)


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