An overview of the 1985-2006 Mars Orbiter Camera science investigation

  title={An overview of the 1985-2006 Mars Orbiter Camera science investigation},
  author={Michael C. Malin and Kenneth S. Edgett and Bruce A. Cantor and Michael A. Caplinger and G. Edward Danielson and Elsa H Jensen and Michael Ravine and Jennifer L. Sandoval and Kimberley D. Supulver},
  journal={The Mars Journal},
Background: NASA selected the Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) investigation in 1986 for the Mars Observer mission. The MOC consisted of three elements which shared a common package: a narrow angle camera designed to obtain images with a spatial resolution as high as 1.4 m per pixel from orbit, and two wide angle cameras (one with a red filter, the other blue) for daily global imaging to observe meteorological events, geodesy, and provide context for the narrow angle images. Following the loss of Mars… 
Abstract. Four NASA missions over the last forty years with onboard instruments for high-resolution orbital imaging have achieved both global coverage (with 6m CTX, 20m THEMIS-VIS and >8m Viking
The Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Mast cameras and Descent imager: Investigation and instrument descriptions
The Mars Descent Imager is fixed‐mounted to the bottom left front side of the rover at ~66 cm above the surface, and its fixed focus lens is in focus from ~2 m to infinity, but out of focus at 66 cm.
A New South Polar Digital Terrain Model of Mars from the High-Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) onboard the ESA Mars Express
Abstract The first high-resolution Digital Terrain Model (DTM) of the entire South Pole of Mars has been produced. A modified version (Kim and Muller, 2009) of a NASA-VICAR-based pipeline developed
Orbital monitoring of martian surface changes
Abstract A history of martian surface changes is documented by a sequence of global mosaics made up of Mars Global Surveyor Mars Orbiter Camera daily color images from 1999 to 2006, together with a
On the status of orbital high-resolution repeat imaging of Mars for the observation of dynamic surface processes
Abstract This work deals with the meta-data analysis of high-resolution orbital imagery that was acquired over the last four decades of Mars. The objective of this analysis is to provide a starting
Eight-year climatology of dust optical depth on Mars
Abstract We have produced a multiannual climatology of airborne dust from martian year 24–31 using multiple datasets of retrieved or estimated column optical depths. The datasets are based on
Characterization of a local dust storm on Mars with REMS/MSL measurements and MARCI/MRO images
Abstract The REMS instrument on board the Curiosity rover has been collecting meteorological data from Gale crater on Mars since August 2012. A dust storm that developed north of Gale crater in sol
Martian dust storm activity near the Mars 2020 candidate landing sites: MRO-MARCI observations from Mars years 28–34
Abstract MRO-MARCI daily global mapping images from 16 November 2006 (Ls = 111.4°) through 15 July 2017 (Ls = 33.5°), covering portions of seven consecutive Martian years (MY 28 – MY 34), were used
Global documentation of gullies with the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Context Camera and implications for their formation
Abstract Hypotheses ranging from fluvial processes and debris flows to CO 2 frost-lubricated or entirely dry flows have been proposed for the formation of martian gullies. In order to constrain these
Dust aerosol, clouds, and the atmospheric optical depth record over 5 Mars years of the Mars Exploration Rover mission
Abstract Dust aerosol plays a fundamental role in the behavior and evolution of the martian atmosphere. The first five Mars years of Mars Exploration Rover data provide an unprecedented record of the


Automatic commanding of the Mars Observer Camera
Mars Observer, launched in September 1992, was intended to be a 'survey-type' mission that acquired global coverage of Mars from a low, circular, near-polar orbit during an entire Martian year. As
Overview of the Mars Global Surveyor mission
The Mars Global Surveyor spacecraft was placed into Mars orbit on September 11, 1997, and by March 9, 1999, had slowly circularized through aerobraking to a Sun-synchronous, near-polar orbit with an
Design considerations for composite materials used in the Mars Observer Camera
The Mars Observer Camera (MOC) is one of several instruments aboard the Mars Observer Spacecraft, which is scheduled to launch in September 1992, and begin monitoring the Martian surface (from
Mars Orbiter Camera geodesy campaign
During the “geodesy campaign” in May and June 1999 the wide-angle system of the Mars Global Surveyor Mars Orbiter Camera imaged the visible surface of Mars from latitudes 70°S to 90°N. Over 90% of
Context Camera Investigation on board the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter
[1] The Context Camera (CTX) on the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) is a Facility Instrument (i.e., government-furnished equipment operated by a science team not responsible for design and
Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Mars Color Imager (MARCI): Instrument description, calibration, and performance
[1] The Mars Color Imager (MARCI) instrument aboard the NASA Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter spacecraft is a wide-angle, multispectral Charge-Coupled Device (CCD) “push frame” imaging camera designed to
Present-Day Martian Weather - 5 Mars Years of Observations by MGS-MOC and MRO-MARCI
Introduction: The Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) spacecraft reached Mars on 12 September 1997. Following more than a year of aerobraking maneuvering and periods of science observations, the spacecraft
Mars Observer Camera
The Mars Observer Camera (MOC) will begin acquiring images of the surface and atmosphere of Mars in September-October 1991, and incorporates both a wide angle system for low resolution global monitoring and intermediate resolution regional targeting, and a narrow angles system for high resolution selective surveys.
Mars Global Surveyor: Ready for launch in November 1996
The Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) spacecraft will be launched toward Mars in November 1996. This mission is the first in the NASA Mars Surveyor Program and has been under development for the past two
Mars global surveyor mission
Abstract The development of a new mission to observe Mars from orbit is underway by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. This mission, the Mars Global