An overview of the 1985-2006 Mars Orbiter Camera science investigation

  title={An overview of the 1985-2006 Mars Orbiter Camera science investigation},
  author={Michael C. Malin and Kenneth S. Edgett and B A Cantor and Michael A. Caplinger and G. Edward Danielson and Elsa Jensen and Michael Ravine and Jennifer L. Sandoval and Kimberley D. Supulver},
  journal={The Mars Journal},
Background: NASA selected the Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) investigation in 1986 for the Mars Observer mission. The MOC consisted of three elements which shared a common package: a narrow angle camera designed to obtain images with a spatial resolution as high as 1.4 m per pixel from orbit, and two wide angle cameras (one with a red filter, the other blue) for daily global imaging to observe meteorological events, geodesy, and provide context for the narrow angle images. Following the loss of Mars… 


Abstract. Four NASA missions over the last forty years with onboard instruments for high-resolution orbital imaging have achieved both global coverage (with 6m CTX, 20m THEMIS-VIS and >8m Viking

The Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Mast cameras and Descent imager: Investigation and instrument descriptions

The Mars Descent Imager is fixed‐mounted to the bottom left front side of the rover at ~66 cm above the surface, and its fixed focus lens is in focus from ~2 m to infinity, but out of focus at 66 cm.

Topographic Reconstruction of the “Tianwen-1” Landing Area on the Mars Using High Resolution Imaging Camera Images

High-resolution optical cameras have always been important scientific payloads in Mars exploration missions, and the Mars topographic data produced by their detection data can provide support for

Eight-year climatology of dust optical depth on Mars

Deimos Encounter Trajectory Design for Piggyback Spacecraft Launched for Martian Surface Reconnaissance

This paper discusses a trajectory design for imaging both Mars and Deimos, which meets the requirements of the next Chinese mission to Mars and Deimos. Compared to Viking-1, being weak in systematic



Automatic commanding of the Mars Observer Camera

Mars Observer, launched in September 1992, was intended to be a 'survey-type' mission that acquired global coverage of Mars from a low, circular, near-polar orbit during an entire Martian year. As

Overview of the Mars Global Surveyor mission

The Mars Global Surveyor spacecraft was placed into Mars orbit on September 11, 1997, and by March 9, 1999, had slowly circularized through aerobraking to a Sun-synchronous, near-polar orbit with an

Design considerations for composite materials used in the Mars Observer Camera

The Mars Observer Camera (MOC) is one of several instruments aboard the Mars Observer Spacecraft, which is scheduled to launch in September 1992, and begin monitoring the Martian surface (from

Context Camera Investigation on board the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter

[1] The Context Camera (CTX) on the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) is a Facility Instrument (i.e., government-furnished equipment operated by a science team not responsible for design and

Mars Orbiter Camera geodesy campaign

During the “geodesy campaign” in May and June 1999 the wide-angle system of the Mars Global Surveyor Mars Orbiter Camera imaged the visible surface of Mars from latitudes 70°S to 90°N. Over 90% of

Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Mars Color Imager (MARCI): Instrument description, calibration, and performance

[1] The Mars Color Imager (MARCI) instrument aboard the NASA Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter spacecraft is a wide-angle, multispectral Charge-Coupled Device (CCD) “push frame” imaging camera designed to

Present-Day Martian Weather - 5 Mars Years of Observations by MGS-MOC and MRO-MARCI

Introduction: The Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) spacecraft reached Mars on 12 September 1997. Following more than a year of aerobraking maneuvering and periods of science observations, the spacecraft

Mars Global Surveyor: Ready for launch in November 1996

The 1997 Spring Regression of the Martian South Polar Cap: Mars Orbiter Camera Observations

The Mars Orbiter cameras (MOC) on Mars Global Surveyor observed the south polar cap of Mars during its spring recession in 1997. The images acquired by the wide angle cameras reveal a pattern of

Mars Orbiter Camera observations of the Martian south polar cap in 1999–2000

The spring-summer recession of the south polar cap of Mars in 1999–2000 has been investigated using the wide-angle cameras of the Mars Orbiter Camera experiment on Mars Global Surveyor. The 1999–2000