An organisational systems-biology view of viruses explains why they are not alive

  title={An organisational systems-biology view of viruses explains why they are not alive},
  author={Keith Douglas Farnsworth},
  journal={Bio Systems},
  • K. Farnsworth
  • Published 3 December 2020
  • Computer Science, Sociology, Medicine
  • Bio Systems
Whether or not viruses are alive remains unsettled. Discoveries of giant viruses with translational genes and large genomes have kept the debate active. Here, a fresh approach is introduced, based on the organisational definition of life from within systems biology. It views living as a circular process of self-organisation and self-construction which is 'closed to efficient causation'. How information combines with force to fabricate and organise environmentally obtained materials, given an… 
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