An optimized DNA extraction and multiplex PCR for the detection of Fasciola sp. in lymnaeid snails.

Abstract

This study deals with the development and validation of an original PCR protocol to assess the presence of Fasciola hepatica in Galba truncatula its main intermediate host in Western Europe. In the present study two DNA extraction techniques are compared and a new multiplex PCR is described. The Chelex(®) DNA extraction technique showed to be more appropriate than the classical Phenol/Chloroform/Proteinase K based method because of the absence of toxic organic solvent, shorter duration and lower cost, and a higher reproducibility regarding DNA concentrations and wavelength ratios. The multiplex PCR was set up to amplify the lymnaeid internal transcribed spacer 2 sequence (500-600 bp) that act as an internal control and a 124 bp Fasciola sp. sequence that is repeated more than 300,000 times in fluke whole genome. Ninety six snails were pooled and 6 snails (6.25%) found positive for Fasciola sp. The limit of detection is lower than the minimal biological infestation unit (one miracidium). DNA extracts from Paramphistomum daubneyi, Dicrocoelium lanceolatum, and Fascioloides magna did not cross react.

DOI: 10.1016/j.vetpar.2010.12.020

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@article{Caron2011AnOD, title={An optimized DNA extraction and multiplex PCR for the detection of Fasciola sp. in lymnaeid snails.}, author={Yannick Caron and Sara Righi and Laetitia Lempereur and C Saegerman and Bertrand Jacques Losson}, journal={Veterinary parasitology}, year={2011}, volume={178 1-2}, pages={93-9} }