An open-system quantum simulator with trapped ions

  title={An open-system quantum simulator with trapped ions},
  author={Julio T. Barreiro and Markus M{\"u}ller and Philipp Schindler and Daniel Nigg and Thomas Monz and Michael Chwalla and Markus Hennrich and Christian F. Roos and Peter Zoller and Rainer Blatt},
The control of quantum systems is of fundamental scientific interest and promises powerful applications and technologies. Impressive progress has been achieved in isolating quantum systems from the environment and coherently controlling their dynamics, as demonstrated by the creation and manipulation of entanglement in various physical systems. However, for open quantum systems, engineering the dynamics of many particles by a controlled coupling to an environment remains largely unexplored… 
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In a recent experiment, Barreiro et al. demonstrated the fundamental building blocks of an open-system quantum simulator with trapped ions (Nature 470, 486 (2011)). Using up to ve ions, single- and
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