An official American Thoracic Society statement: update on the mechanisms, assessment, and management of dyspnea.

@article{Parshall2012AnOA,
  title={An official American Thoracic Society statement: update on the mechanisms, assessment, and management of dyspnea.},
  author={Mark B. Parshall and Richard M Schwartzstein and Lewis Adams and Robert Banzett and Harold L. Manning and Jean Bourbeau and Peter M. A. Calverley and Audrey G Gift and Andrew Harver and Suzanne Claire Lareau and Donald A. Mahler and Paula M. Meek and Denis O'donnell},
  journal={American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine},
  year={2012},
  volume={185 4},
  pages={435-52}
}
BACKGROUND Dyspnea is a common, distressing symptom of cardiopulmonary and neuromuscular diseases. Since the ATS published a consensus statement on dyspnea in 1999, there has been enormous growth in knowledge about the neurophysiology of dyspnea and increasing interest in dyspnea as a patient-reported outcome. PURPOSE The purpose of this document is to update the 1999 ATS Consensus Statement on dyspnea. METHODS An interdisciplinary committee of experts representing ATS assemblies on Nursing… CONTINUE READING
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