An ipsilateral superdrainaged transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap for breast reconstruction.

Abstract

A conventional single pedicled TRAM (transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous) flap is a musculocutaneous flap widely used for breast reconstruction. However, complications such as partial flap necrosis, fat necrosis, and fatty induration may occur as a result of unstable blood flow circulation to the flap. One major factor is venous congestion in the flap… (More)

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