An investigation of shame and guilt in a depressed sample.

@article{Alexander1999AnIO,
  title={An investigation of shame and guilt in a depressed sample.},
  author={Beth Alexander and Chris Ray Brewin and Simon Vearnals and Georg Wolff and Julian Leff},
  journal={The British journal of medical psychology},
  year={1999},
  volume={72 ( Pt 3)},
  pages={323-38}
}
A self-report measure of proneness to shame and guilt was administered to 86 patients with moderate to severe depression, with the prediction that there would be a positive correlation of shame with severity of depression. Contrary to other, non-clinical studies, we found that guilt but not shame was associated with levels of depression. Shame-proneness demonstrated a unique association with a stable attributional style for negative outcomes, global negative self-evaluation, submissive… CONTINUE READING

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