An invasive slug exploits an ant-seed dispersal mutualism

Abstract

Plant–animal mutualisms, such as seed dispersal, are often vulnerable to disruption by invasive species. Here, we show for the first time how a non-ant invasive species negatively affects seed dispersal by ants. We examined the effects of several animal species that co-occur in a temperate deciduous forest—including native and invasive seed-dispersing ants… (More)
DOI: 10.1007/s00442-015-3530-0

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