An invariant lysine residue is involved in catalysis at the 3'-5' exonuclease active site of eukaryotic-type DNA polymerases.

A lysine residue, contained in the motif "Kx2h", has been invariantly found in the eukaryotic-type (family B) class of DNA-dependent DNA polymerases with a proofreading function. The importance of this lysine has been assessed by site-directed mutagenesis in the corresponding residue (Lys143) of phi29 DNA polymerase. Substitution of this residue either by… CONTINUE READING