An introduction to the five-factor model and its applications.

  title={An introduction to the five-factor model and its applications.},
  author={Rod McCrae and Oliver P. John},
  journal={Journal of personality},
  volume={60 2},
The five-factor model of personality is a hierarchical organization of personality traits in terms of five basic dimensions: Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Neuroticism, and Openness to Experience. Research using both natural language adjectives and theoretically based personality questionnaires supports the comprehensiveness of the model and its applicability across observers and cultures. This article summarizes the history of the model and its supporting evidence; discusses… 
Relating the Five-Factor Model of Personality to a Circumplex Model of Affect
This chapter examines the relation between the Five-Factor Model of personality and momentary affect in five languages, based on a pooled sample of 2070 (Ns = 535 for English, 233 for Spanish, 487
The Sixteen-Factor Model of Personality
The sixteen-factor model of personality represents a unique and momentous chapter in the history of personality research. Emerging out of the lexical tradition and factor analytic studies, the
Lay Conceptions of the Five-Factor Model and its Indicators
The five-factor model (FFM) of personality is implicit in lay conceptions of personality; this research sought to examine laypersons' explicit grasp of the model. In one study, undergraduates (N =
Cross-Cultural Research on the Five-Factor Model of Personality
The Five-Factor Model (FFM) is a comprehensive taxonomy of personality traits, which are tendencies to show consistent patterns of thoughts, feelings, and actions. Although it was originally
Openness to Experience as a Basic Dimension of Personality
In this article I trace some of the historic roots of the concept of Openness to Experience and provide data on the convergent and discriminant validity of measures of Openness in the Revised NEO
The Five-Factor Framing of Personality and Beyond: Some Ruminations
The five-factor conceptualization of personality has been presented as all-embracing in understanding personality and has even received authoritative recommendation for understanding early
Big five factors and its relationship with El and coping
The Big Five Personality Factor Model , often called the “Big Five” or the “Five Factor Model” is an empirically derived model of personality based on the early work on traits by Gordon Allport,
Individuation and the five factor model of personality traits
Two studies have been conducted respectively to examine the validity of the Italian version of the Individuation scale (Maslach, Stapp & Santee, 1985), and to investigate individuation within the


Extension of the Interpersonal Adjective Scales to include the Big Five dimensions of personality.
Recent recognition that the dominance and nurturance dimensions of the interpersonal circumplex correspond closely to the surgency/extraversion and agreeableness dimensions of the five-factor model
The five-factor model and its assessment in clinical settings.
  • R. McCrae
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality assessment
  • 1991
The factors and the NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI), a questionnaire designed to measure the factors and some of the traits that define them, are introduced and issues regarding the clinical use of the five-factor model are discussed.
An alternative "description of personality": the big-five factor structure.
  • L. R. Goldberg
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1990
The generality of this 5-factor model is here demonstrated across unusually comprehensive sets of trait terms, which suggest their potential utility as Big-Five markers in future studies.
The NEO Personality Inventory: Using the Five‐Factor ModeI in Counseling
Personality psychologists have recently concluded that five major dimensions account for most individual differences in personality traits. The NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI) is a concise measure
Clinical use of the five-factor model: an introduction.
  • P. Costa
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality assessment
  • 1991
Questions are raised about the use of personality profiles in psychodiagnosis, the range of applicability of the five-factor model, the utility of personality feedback in psychotherapy, the stability of personality scores among psychotherapy patients, and the feasibility of using personality scores to select optimal forms of treatment.
Personality in adulthood
Now in a revised and expanded second edition, this influential work argues for the enduring stability of personality across adult development. It also offers a highly accessible introduction to the
Validation of the five-factor model of personality across instruments and observers.
Two data sources--self-reports and peer ratings--and two instruments--adjective factors and questionnaire scales--were used to assess the five-factor model of personality, showing substantial cross-observer agreement on all five adjective factors.
The structure of interpersonal traits: Wiggins's circumplex and the five-factor model.
Using a sample of 315 adult men and women, self-reports on Wiggins's revised Interpersonal Adjective Scales were jointly factored with self-reports, peer ratings, and spouse ratings on the NEO