An introduction to the Rhynie chert

@article{Garwood2019AnIT,
  title={An introduction to the Rhynie chert},
  author={R. Garwood and Heather Oliver and A. Spencer},
  journal={Geological Magazine},
  year={2019},
  volume={157},
  pages={47 - 64}
}
Abstract The terrestrialization of life has profoundly affected the biosphere, geosphere and atmosphere, and the Geological Magazine has published key works charting the development of our understanding of this process. Integral to this understanding – and featuring in one of the Geological Magazine publications – is the Devonian Rhynie chert Konservat-Lagerstätte located in Aberdeenshire, Scotland. Here we provide a review of the work on this important early terrestrial deposit to date. We… Expand
The Rhynie chert
TLDR
A captivating snapshot of life on land more than 400 million years ago, the Rhynie chert provides the authors' earliest and best view of how terrestrial ecosystems came to be. Expand
An evidence-based 3D reconstruction of Asteroxylon mackiei the most complex plant preserved from the Rhynie chert
TLDR
The first complete reconstruction of the lycopsid Asteroxylon mackiei, the most complex plant in the Rhynie chert, is produced, revealing the organisation of the three distinct axes types – leafy shoot axes, root-bearing axes and rooting axes – in the body plan. Expand
An evidence-based 3D reconstruction of Asteroxylon mackiei, the most complex plant preserved from the Rhynie chert
The Early Devonian Rhynie chert preserves the earliest terrestrial ecosystem and informs our understanding of early life on land. However, our knowledge of the 3D structure, and development of theseExpand
On the problematic placement of the fossil arthropod Devonopilio hutchinsoni in Opiliones (Arachnida).
TLDR
The description of Devonopilio hutchinsoni Tihelka as a new fossil harvestman from the well-known Rhynie chert deposits of Scotland is described, but there is no compelling evidence supporting the proposal that the specimen is a harvestman. Expand
Triskelia scotlandica, an enigmatic Rhynie chert microfossil revisited
TLDR
The enigmatic microfossil Triskelia scotlandica from the Lower Devonian Rhynie chert is an acritarch-like, usually spheroidal to ovoid vesicle with a surface ornamentation comprised of isolated triradiate and meandering, high membranous ridges, and the new specimens expand the knowledge of the microbial interactions that existed in early terrestrial ecosystems. Expand
Diversity of Microfossils, including Fungal Material, Associated with Early Tracheophytes in the Lower Devonian (Emsian) Battery Point Formation (Gaspé Bay, Quebec, Canada)
Premise of research. Fossil assemblages of the Battery Point Formation are among the most diverse occurrences of Early Devonian permineralized plants worldwide. The plant fossils host microbial,Expand
Archaeosporites rhyniensis gen. et sp. nov. (Glomeromycota, Archaeosporaceae), from the Lower Devonian Rhynie chert - a fungal lineage morphologically unchanged for more than 400 million years.
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Structurally preserved arbuscular mycorrhizas from the Lower Devonian Rhynie chert represent core fossil evidence of the evolutionary history of mycorrhizal systems. Moreover,Expand
A new species of Perexiflasca, enigmatic microfossils with suggested affinities to Chytridiomycota (Fungi) from the Lower Devonian Rhynie and Windyfield cherts
Abstract Perexiflasca tayloriana, a widespread microfossil in the Lower Devonian Rhynie chert from Scotland, consists of a thin-walled cavity surrounded by a prominent sheath. A single tube extendsExpand
Peculiar bundles and a knot of thin filaments in microbial mats from the Lower Devonian Rhynie and Windyfield cherts of Scotland
TLDR
A new feature of the microbial mats that occurs in the form of variously sized bundles of entwined thin filaments is presented, which supports the perception that microbial mats in the Rhynie paleoecosystem were complex communities. Expand
The Early Devonian fungus Mycokidstonia sphaerialoides from the Rhynie chert is a member of the Ambisporaceae (Glomeromycota, Archaeosporales), not an ascomycete
TLDR
This study re-examines propagules previously described informally as ‘reproductive unit 1’, and identified as glomeromycotan acaulospores borne within the neck of a sporiferous saccule, adding to an increasing body of fossil data depicting Devonian Glomeromycota as a diverse fungal lineage which is likely to have been an ecologically important constituent of early terrestrial ecosystems. Expand
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