An introduction to the Rhynie chert

  title={An introduction to the Rhynie chert},
  author={R. Garwood and Heather Oliver and A. Spencer},
  journal={Geological Magazine},
  pages={47 - 64}
Abstract The terrestrialization of life has profoundly affected the biosphere, geosphere and atmosphere, and the Geological Magazine has published key works charting the development of our understanding of this process. Integral to this understanding – and featuring in one of the Geological Magazine publications – is the Devonian Rhynie chert Konservat-Lagerstätte located in Aberdeenshire, Scotland. Here we provide a review of the work on this important early terrestrial deposit to date. We… Expand
The Rhynie chert
A captivating snapshot of life on land more than 400 million years ago, the Rhynie chert provides the authors' earliest and best view of how terrestrial ecosystems came to be. Expand
An evidence-based 3D reconstruction of Asteroxylon mackiei the most complex plant preserved from the Rhynie chert
The first complete reconstruction of the lycopsid Asteroxylon mackiei, the most complex plant in the Rhynie chert, is produced, revealing the organisation of the three distinct axes types – leafy shoot axes, root-bearing axes and rooting axes – in the body plan. Expand
An evidence-based 3D reconstruction of Asteroxylon mackiei, the most complex plant preserved from the Rhynie chert
The Early Devonian Rhynie chert preserves the earliest terrestrial ecosystem and informs our understanding of early life on land. However, our knowledge of the 3D structure, and development of theseExpand
On the problematic placement of the fossil arthropod Devonopilio hutchinsoni in Opiliones (Arachnida).
The description of Devonopilio hutchinsoni Tihelka as a new fossil harvestman from the well-known Rhynie chert deposits of Scotland is described, but there is no compelling evidence supporting the proposal that the specimen is a harvestman. Expand
Triskelia scotlandica, an enigmatic Rhynie chert microfossil revisited
The enigmatic microfossil Triskelia scotlandica from the Lower Devonian Rhynie chert is an acritarch-like, usually spheroidal to ovoid vesicle with a surface ornamentation comprised of isolated triradiate and meandering, high membranous ridges, and the new specimens expand the knowledge of the microbial interactions that existed in early terrestrial ecosystems. Expand
Diversity of Microfossils, including Fungal Material, Associated with Early Tracheophytes in the Lower Devonian (Emsian) Battery Point Formation (Gaspé Bay, Quebec, Canada)
Premise of research. Fossil assemblages of the Battery Point Formation are among the most diverse occurrences of Early Devonian permineralized plants worldwide. The plant fossils host microbial,Expand
Archaeosporites rhyniensis gen. et sp. nov. (Glomeromycota, Archaeosporaceae), from the Lower Devonian Rhynie chert - a fungal lineage morphologically unchanged for more than 400 million years.
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Structurally preserved arbuscular mycorrhizas from the Lower Devonian Rhynie chert represent core fossil evidence of the evolutionary history of mycorrhizal systems. Moreover,Expand
A new species of Perexiflasca, enigmatic microfossils with suggested affinities to Chytridiomycota (Fungi) from the Lower Devonian Rhynie and Windyfield cherts
Abstract Perexiflasca tayloriana, a widespread microfossil in the Lower Devonian Rhynie chert from Scotland, consists of a thin-walled cavity surrounded by a prominent sheath. A single tube extendsExpand
Peculiar bundles and a knot of thin filaments in microbial mats from the Lower Devonian Rhynie and Windyfield cherts of Scotland
A new feature of the microbial mats that occurs in the form of variously sized bundles of entwined thin filaments is presented, which supports the perception that microbial mats in the Rhynie paleoecosystem were complex communities. Expand
The Early Devonian fungus Mycokidstonia sphaerialoides from the Rhynie chert is a member of the Ambisporaceae (Glomeromycota, Archaeosporales), not an ascomycete
This study re-examines propagules previously described informally as ‘reproductive unit 1’, and identified as glomeromycotan acaulospores borne within the neck of a sporiferous saccule, adding to an increasing body of fossil data depicting Devonian Glomeromycota as a diverse fungal lineage which is likely to have been an ecologically important constituent of early terrestrial ecosystems. Expand


History and contemporary significance of the Rhynie cherts—our earliest preserved terrestrial ecosystem
The Rhynie cherts provides remarkable insights into the structure and interactions of early terrestrial communities, and it has a significant role to play in developing the authors' understanding of their broader impact on Earth systems. Expand
The Terrestrialization Process: Modelling Complex Interactions at the Biosphere–Geosphere Interface
The invasion of the land by plants (‘terrestrialization’) was one of the most significant evolutionary events in the history of life on Earth, and correlates in time with periods of majorExpand
The Rhynie Chert, Scotland, and the search for life on Mars.
The aim of this study was to identify biomolecules within the samples through Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and aid current techniques in identification of ancient hot spring deposits and their biological components on Mars. Expand
Terrestrialization (Precambrian–Devonian)
The emergence of plants and animals from the sea on to land – terrestrialisation – was one of the major advances in the history of life on Earth, but it was not until the latest Palaeozoic that modern-type terrestrial ecosystems, with abundant herbivores in the food chain, came. Expand
A review of the palaeoenvironments and biota of the Windyfield chert
  • S. Fayers, N. Trewin
  • Geology
  • Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences
  • 2003
ABSTRACT The Windyfield chert site is located 700 m NE of the original Rhynie chert locality at Rhynie, Aberdeenshire, Scotland. Originally identified by concentrations of surface float material, aExpand
Geological setting of the Early Devonian Rhynie cherts, Aberdeenshire, Scotland: an early terrestrial hot spring system
Abstract: The drilling of nine cored boreholes, including a deep hole (233 m) to a gabbroic basement, in the vicinity of the Rhynie chert locality has resulted in a major revision of the structureExpand
The Rhynie cherts: an early Devonian ecosystem preserved by hydrothermal activity.
  • N. Trewin
  • Geology, Medicine
  • Ciba Foundation symposium
  • 1996
Oxygen isotope and organic geochemical data from the Rhynie cherts indicate a temperature apparently greater than the temperature at which elements of the biota were preserved and represents subsequent shallow burial in the hot spring system. Expand
Invasion of the continents: cyanobacterial crusts to tree-inhabiting arthropods.
An ecological and evolutionary context for the emergence of terrestrial ecosystems is presented and associations among organisms are examined, from the endosymbiotic capture of organelles by eukaryotes to modes of metazoan nutrition on land. Expand
Stratigraphy and sedimentology of the Devonian Rhynie chert locality
Synopsis Recent drilling in the vicinity of the Rhynie chert locality in the Rhynie outlier of Lower Old Red Sandstone allows a local stratigraphic succession to be established. A basal lithicExpand
Cambrian to Devonian evolution of alluvial systems: The sedimentological impact of the earliest land plants
Abstract In present-day alluvial environments, the impact of vegetation on sedimentological processes and deposits is well known. A vegetated catchment may decrease sediment yield, sedimentExpand