An integrated approach to lower blepharoplasty.

@article{Hidalgo2011AnIA,
  title={An integrated approach to lower blepharoplasty.},
  author={David Alejandro Ruiz Hidalgo},
  journal={Plastic and reconstructive surgery},
  year={2011},
  volume={127 1},
  pages={
          386-95
        }
}
BACKGROUND Limitations associated with traditional skin-muscle flaps and later with transconjunctival fat resection combined with carbon dioxide laser resurfacing have led to newer concepts in lower blepharoplasty that emphasize fat preservation, blending of the lid-cheek junction, simplified skin excision, and less morbid resurfacing techniques. Avoiding incision through the orbicularis muscle to preserve its innervation and reduce translamellar scarring is favored, as is a more liberal use of… CONTINUE READING
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