An innovative silicon photomultiplier digitizing camera for gamma-ray astronomy

@article{Heller2017AnIS,
  title={An innovative silicon photomultiplier digitizing camera for gamma-ray astronomy},
  author={M. Heller and E. Schioppa and A. Porcelli and I. Pujadas and K. Ziȩtara and D. Volpe and T. Montaruli and F. Cadoux and Y. Favre and J. Aguilar and A. Christov and E. Prandini and P. Rajda and M. Rameez and W. Bilnik and J. Błocki and L. Bogacz and J. Borkowski and T. Bulik and A. Frankowski and M. Grudzinska and B. Idzkowski and M. Jamrozy and M. Janiak and J. Kasperek and K. Lalik and E. Lyard and E. Mach and D. Mand{\'a}t and A. Marszałek and L. D. M. Miranda and J. Michałowski and R. Moderski and A. Neronov and J. Niemiec and M. Ostrowski and P. Paśko and M. Pech and P. Schov{\'a}nek and K. Seweryn and V. Sliusar and K. Skowron and Ł. Stawarz and M. Stodulska and M. Stodulski and R. Walter and M. Wiecek and A. Zagdanski},
  journal={The European Physical Journal C},
  year={2017},
  volume={77},
  pages={1-31}
}
The single-mirror small-size telescope (SST-1M) is one of the three proposed designs for the small-size telescopes (SSTs) of the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) project. The SST-1M will be equipped with a 4 m-diameter segmented reflector dish and an innovative fully digital camera based on silicon photo-multipliers. Since the SST sub-array will consist of up to 70 telescopes, the challenge is not only to build telescopes with excellent performance, but also to design them so that their… Expand
Calibration and operation of SiPM-based cameras for gamma-ray astronomy in presence of high night-sky light
TLDR
The camera calibration strategy is presented, from the laboratory measurement to the on-site monitoring with emphasis on the results obtained with the first camera prototype, and key performances such as charge resolution, time resolution and trigger efficiencies and their degradation with increasing night-sky background level will be presented. Expand
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The Small Size Telescope with Single Mirror (SST-1M) is one of the proposed types of Small Size Telescopes (SST) for the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA). About 70 SST telescopes will be part the CTAExpand
The single mirror small size telescope (SST-1M) of the Cherenkov Telescope Array
The Small Size Telescope with Single Mirror (SST-1M) is one of the proposed types of Small Size Telescopes (SST) for the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA). The CTA south array will be composed of aboutExpand
First light on a new fully digital camera based on SiPM for CTA SST-1M telescope
The Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) will explore with unprecedented precision the Universe in the gammaray domain covering an energy range from 50 GeV to more the 300 TeV. To cover such a broad rangeExpand
Optical feasibility of an upgrade of the CTA LST camera to SiPM
Abstract The Large Size Telescope (LST) is the largest telescope of the Cherenkov Telescope Array project, with a diameter of 23 m and a focal plane instrumentation of 4 square meters. In the currentExpand
The front-end electronics and slow control of large area SiPM for the SST-1M camera developed for the CTA experiment
Abstract The single mirror Small Size Telescope (SST-1M) is one of the proposed designs for the smallest type of telescopes, SSTs that will compose the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA). The SST-1MExpand
The Light-Trap: A novel concept for a large SiPM-based pixel for Very High Energy gamma-ray astronomy and beyond
Abstract Among the main disadvantages of using silicon photomultipliers (SiPMs) in large experiments are their limited physical area (increasing the cost and the complexity of the readout of aExpand
Light-Trap: A SiPM Upgrade for Very High Energy Astronomy and Beyond
With the development of the Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Technique (IACT), Gamma-ray astronomy has become one of the most interesting and productive fields of astrophysics. Current IACT telescopeExpand
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The Wide Field of View Cherenkov Telescope Array (WFCTA), a main component of the Large High Altitude Air Shower Observatory (LHAASO), requires the dynamic range from 10 to 32000 photoelectronsExpand
Silicon Photomultiplier Performance Study and Preamplifier Design for the Wide Field of View Cherenkov Telescope Array of LHAASO
The Wide Field of View Cherenkov Telescope Array (WFCTA), a main component of the LHAASO, requires a dynamic range between 10 and 32000 photoelectrons (pes) and stable gain of the photosensors.Expand
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The front-end electronics and slow control of large area SiPM for the SST-1M camera developed for the CTA experiment
Abstract The single mirror Small Size Telescope (SST-1M) is one of the proposed designs for the smallest type of telescopes, SSTs that will compose the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA). The SST-1MExpand
Design, optimization and characterization of the light concentrators of the single-mirror small size telescopes of the Cherenkov Telescope Array
Abstract The focal-plane cameras of γ -ray telescopes frequently use light concentrators in front of the light sensors. The purpose of these concentrators is to increase the effective area of theExpand
Characterization of New Hexagonal Large Area MPPCs
Photomultipliers (PMTs) are the standard detector for construction of the current generation of imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescopes (IACTs). Despite impressive improvements in Quantum EfficiencyExpand
Design and operation of FACT - the first G-APD Cherenkov telescope
The First G-APD Cherenkov Telescope (FACT) is designed to detect cosmic gamma-rays with energies from several hundred GeV up to about 10 TeV using the Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Technique. InExpand
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The First G-APD Cherenkov Telescope (FACT) is the first in-operation test of the performance of silicon photo detectors in Cherenkov Astronomy. For more than two years it is operated on La Palma,Expand
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Multipixel Imaging Air Cherenkov Telescope cameras feature a pixel design that utilizes specific light concentrators to fill the dead space between photosensors and to considerably increase theirExpand
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Since two years, the FACT telescope is operating on the Canary Island of La Palma. Apart from its purpose to serve as a monitoring facility for the brightest TeV blazars, it was built as a major stepExpand
Simulation of Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescopes with CORSIKA and sim_telarray
Abstract Imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes (IACTs) have resulted in a break-through in very-high energy (VHE) gamma-ray astrophysics. While early IACT installations faced the problem ofExpand
Introducing the CTA concept
The Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) is a new observatory for very high-energy (VHE) gamma rays. CTA has ambitions science goals, for which it is necessary to achieve full-sky coverage, to improve theExpand
FACT - Long-term stability and observations during strong Moon light
The First G-APD Cherenkov Telescope (FACT) is the first Cherenkov telescope equipped with a camera made of silicon photon detectors (G-APD aka. SiPM). Since October 2011, it is regularly taking dataExpand
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