An initial investigation of associations between dopamine-linked genetic variation and smoking motives in African Americans.

@article{Bidwell2015AnII,
  title={An initial investigation of associations between dopamine-linked genetic variation and smoking motives in African Americans.},
  author={L Cinnamon Bidwell and John E. McGeary and Joshua C. Gray and Rohan H C Palmer and Valerie S. Knopik and James MacKillop},
  journal={Pharmacology, biochemistry, and behavior},
  year={2015},
  volume={138},
  pages={104-10}
}
Nicotine dependence (ND) is a heterogeneous phenotype with complex genetic influences that may vary across ethnicities. The use of intermediate phenotypes may clarify genetic influences and reveal specific etiological pathways. Prior work in European Americans has found that the four Primary Dependence Motives (PDM) subscales (Automaticity, Craving, Loss of Control, and Tolerance) of the Wisconsin Inventory of Smoking Motives represent core features of nicotine dependence and are promising… CONTINUE READING