An increase in the circulating concentration of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 elicits systemic insulin resistance irrespective of adipose tissue inflammation in mice.

Abstract

Chronic inflammation in adipose tissue is thought to be important for the development of insulin resistance in obesity. Furthermore, the level of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) is increased not only in adipose tissue but also in the circulation in association with obesity. However, it has remained unclear to what extent the increased circulating level of MCP-1 contributes to insulin resistance. We have now examined the relevance of circulating MCP-1 to the development of insulin resistance in mice. The plasma concentration of MCP-1 was increased chronically or acutely in mice to the level observed in obese animals by chronic subcutaneous infusion of recombinant MCP-1 with an osmotic pump or by acute intravenous infusion of MCP-1 with an infusion pump, respectively. Whole-body metabolic parameters as well as inflammatory changes in adipose tissue were examined. A chronic increase in the circulating level of MCP-1 induced insulin resistance, macrophage infiltration into adipose tissue, and an increase in hepatic triacylglycerol content. An acute increase in the circulating MCP-1 concentration also induced insulin resistance but not macrophage infiltration into adipose tissue. In addition, inhibition of signaling by MCP-1 and its receptor CCR2 by administration of a novel CCR2 antagonist ameliorated insulin resistance in mice fed a high-fat diet without affecting macrophage infiltration into adipose tissue. These data indicate that an increase in the concentration of MCP-1 in the circulation is sufficient to induce systemic insulin resistance irrespective of adipose tissue inflammation.

DOI: 10.1210/en.2009-0926

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@article{Tateya2010AnII, title={An increase in the circulating concentration of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 elicits systemic insulin resistance irrespective of adipose tissue inflammation in mice.}, author={Sanshiro Tateya and Yoshikazu Tamori and Takayuki Kawaguchi and Hajime Kanda and Masato Kasuga}, journal={Endocrinology}, year={2010}, volume={151 3}, pages={971-9} }