An fMRI Investigation of Emotional Engagement in Moral Judgment

@article{Greene2001AnFI,
  title={An fMRI Investigation of Emotional Engagement in Moral Judgment},
  author={Joshua D. Greene and R. Brian Sommerville and Leigh Nystrom and John M. Darley and Jonathan D. Cohen},
  journal={Science},
  year={2001},
  volume={293},
  pages={2105 - 2108}
}
The long-standing rationalist tradition in moral psychology emphasizes the role of reason in moral judgment. A more recent trend places increased emphasis on emotion. Although both reason and emotion are likely to play important roles in moral judgment, relatively little is known about their neural correlates, the nature of their interaction, and the factors that modulate their respective behavioral influences in the context of moral judgment. In two functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI… 
The role of emotion in moral psychology
Moral Cognition, Emotions, and Neuroscience: An Integrative Developmental View.
Longstanding debates about whether morality is best defined in terms of emotions or judgments have been recently rekindled. In this essay, we review recent approaches from social psychology and moral
The Role of Emotion Regulation in Moral Judgment
TLDR
A new way of thinking about emotion is proposed within the context of moral judgment, one in which affect is generated and transformed by both automatic and controlled processes, and moral evaluations are shifted accordingly.
The Neural Bases of Cognitive Conflict and Control in Moral Judgment
How Large Is the Role of Emotion in Judgments of Moral Dilemmas?
TLDR
It is argued that the purportedly strong connection between emotion and judgments of moral dilemmas may have been overestimated, and the role of emotion is reexamined using a validated self-report measure of emotion.
Do Emotions Play a Constitutive Role in Moral Cognition?
TLDR
It is argued that claims about the role of emotion in moral cognition frame the debate in ways that divert attention away from other plausible hypotheses, and it is suggested that the available data may be more plausibly explained by appeal to predictive and evaluative mechanisms.
Emotion and Cognition in Moral Judgment: Evidence from Neuroimaging
TLDR
Neuroimaging data suggest that brain regions associated with cognitive control are recruited to resolve difficult moral dilemmas in which utilitarian values require “personal” moral violations, violations associated with increased activity in brain areas associated with emotion and social cognition.
The emotional basis of moral judgments
Recent work in cognitive science provides overwhelming evidence for a link between emotion and moral judgment. I review findings from psychology, cognitive neuroscience, and research on
A social cognitive developmental perspective on moral judgment
Moral judgment constitutes an important aspect of adults’ social interactions. How do adults’ moral judgments develop? We discuss work from cognitive and social psychology on adults’ moral judgment,
Explorations in the Role of Emotion in Moral Judgment
Recent theorizations on the cognitive process of moral judgment have focused on the role of intuitions and emotions, marking a departure from previous emphasis on conscious, step-by-step reasoning.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 41 REFERENCES
The functional neuroanatomy of emotion and affective style
Suppression of Regional Cerebral Blood during Emotional versus Higher Cognitive Implications for Interactions between Emotion and Cognition
TLDR
Brain mapping studies using dynamic imaging methods demonstrate areas regional cerebral blood flow decreases, as well as areas where increases, during performance of various experimental tasks, with the intriguing observation that in areas in emotional processing, although flow as expected during specific emotion-related tasks, flow decreases performance of some attentionally demanding, cognitive tasks.
Neuroanatomical correlates of externally and internally generated human emotion.
TLDR
This study identified brain regions that participate in externally and internally generated human emotion, suggesting that these regions participate in aspects of emotion that do not depend on the nature of the emotional stimulus.
Neural effects of visualizing and perceiving aversive stimuli: a PET investigation.
TLDR
Cerebral blood flow was recorded while middle-aged subjects viewed or visualized pictures of neutral or aversive stimuli, and whether auditorily presented statements correctly described the stimuli was determined.
Temporal dynamics of brain activation during a working memory task
TLDR
Functional magnetic resonance imaging is used to examine brain activation in human subjects during performance of a working memory task and to show that prefrontal cortex along with parietal cortex appears to play a role in active maintenance.
Working Memory: A View from Neuroimaging
TLDR
The results provide support for certain cognitive models of working memory and also suggest some distinctions that these models have not emphasized.
References and Notes
our experimentation could eventually be used to discredit our findings, should they happen not to agree with the original observations. It seems important that all experiments in the rapidly
BAFF-R, a Newly Identified TNF Receptor That Specifically Interacts with BAFF
TLDR
BAFF-R appears to be the principal receptor for BAFF-mediated mature B cell survival and is disrupted in A/WySnJ mice, which display a B cell phenotype qualitatively similar to that of the BAff-deficient mice.
A Co-Planar Stereotaxic Atlas of the Human Brain
  • 1988
...
...