An exploratory study of the effect of mahjong on the cognitive functioning of persons with dementia

  title={An exploratory study of the effect of mahjong on the cognitive functioning of persons with dementia},
  author={Sheung-Tak Cheng and Alfred Cheung-Ming Chan and Edwin C. S. Yu},
  journal={International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry},
To explore the effect of an activity treatment—mahjong—on the cognitive functioning of persons with mild‐to‐moderate dementia. 
Cognitive training with modern board and card games in healthy older adults: two randomized controlled trials
The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a cognitive intervention based on modern board and card games.
Spiritual activity is associated with better cognitive function in old age.
  • A. Fung, L. Lam
  • Psychology, Medicine
    East Asian archives of psychiatry : official journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists = Dong Ya jing shen ke xue zhi : Xianggang jing shen ke yi xue yuan qi kan
  • 2013
Engagement in spiritual activity may benefit cognitive function in old age and longitudinal studies are recommended to further examine the causal relationship of spiritual activity and cognitive function.
Recommended Measures for the Assessment of Cognitive and Physical Performance in Older Patients with Dementia: A Systematic Review
Aim/Goal: To recommend a set of neuropsychological and physical exercise tests for researchers to assess cognition and physical fitness in clinical trials with older patients with dementia; to create
Mental and physical activities delay cognitive decline in older persons with dementia.
  • Sheung-Tak Cheng, P. Chow, John H. M. Lam
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The American journal of geriatric psychiatry : official journal of the American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry
  • 2014
Playing Mahjong for 12 Weeks Improved Executive Function in Elderly People With Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Study of Implications for TBI-Induced Cognitive Deficits
Playing Mahjong for 12 weeks improved the executive function of elderly people with MCI and could be widely applied to slow down or reverse the progression of cognitive decline in people withMCI, including those with traumatic brain injury.
Cognitive stimulation to improve cognitive functioning in people with dementia.
There was consistent evidence from multiple trials that cognitive stimulation programmes benefit cognition in people with mild to moderate dementia over and above any medication effects.
Feasibility and Engagement of Multi-domain Cognitive Training in Community-Dwelling Healthy Elderly in Shanghai
Background In recent years, cognitive training has been one of the important non-pharmaceutical treatment methods that could delay cognitive decline and improve quality of life in the elderly. In
Association of Playing Cards or Mahjong with Cognitive Function in Chinese Older Adults
Cognitive decline in older adults is a major public health threat. This study aimed to explore the association of participation in cards or mahjong with cognitive function in older adults. A total of
Preventive Psychiatry in Late Life: Studies on Depression and Dementia from the Singapore Gerontology Research Programme
This overview summarizes the research results on depression and dementia in ethnic Chinese elderly conducted by the Gerontology Research Programme of the Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National
Can cognitive leisure activity prevent cognitive decline in older adults? A systematic review of intervention studies
It is suggested that cognitive function in older adults can be improved through cognitive leisure activity interventions, and activities related to learning new skills, that cause strong intellectual stimulation and that include communication elements were considered particularly effective tools.


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The hypothesis that cognitive stimulation therapy for older people with dementia would benefit cognition and quality of life is tested and the results compare favourably with trials of drugs for dementia.
Relationship of health and demographic characteristics to Mini-Mental State Examination score among community residents
Synopsis Mini-Mental State findings from an age 60+ random community sample (N = 1681) indicate that score is related to education, age and race (but not sex) and to functional status, but not to
The Meaning of Cognitive Impairment in the Elderly
In order to determine the meaning of cognitive impairment in community dwelling elderly, 3,481 adults were interviewed in their homes using the Mini‐Mental State Examination and individuals with low scores were suffering from a variety of psychiatric disorders including dementia.
Cognitive training and cognitive rehabilitation for people with early-stage Alzheimer's disease: A review
The evidence currently available does not provide a strong demonstration of efficacy in cognitive training, but findings must be viewed with caution due to methodological limitations, and further research is required that takes account of the conceptual and methodological issues outlined here.
Participation in cognitively stimulating activities and risk of incident Alzheimer disease.
Results suggest that frequent participation in cognitively stimulating activities is associated with reduced risk of AD.
Cognitive activity and incident AD in a population-based sample of older persons
Frequency of participation in cognitively stimulating activities appears to be associated with risk of AD and may partially explain the association of educational and occupational attainment with disease risk.
Leisure activities and the risk of dementia in the elderly.
Among leisure activities, reading, playing board games, playing musical instruments, and dancing were associated with a reduced risk of dementia, and increased participation in cognitive activities at base line was associated with reduced rates of decline in memory.
Testing for limits of cognitive reserve capacity: a promising strategy for early diagnosis of dementia?
It is demonstrated that only healthy elderly profited from training and that only post-training scores predicted the psychiatric "at risk" diagnosis, and the results hold promise for further development of testing-the-limits of individual differences in cognitive reserve capacity to identify premorbid states of dementia in nonclinical samples.
Pharmacological treatment of neuropsychiatric symptoms of dementia: a review of the evidence.
Of the agents reviewed, the atypical antipsychotics risperidone and olanzapine currently have the best evidence for efficacy, however, the effects are modest and further complicated by an increased risk of stroke.
Development and inter‐rater reliability of a standardized verbal instruction manual for the Chinese Geriatric Depression Scale—short form
Developing a standardized manual for the verbal administration and scoring of the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) and comparing the inter‐rater reliability between the standardized and non‐standardized verbal administration of GDS‐SF indicated that the standardized procedure in verbal Administration and scoring improved the inter-rater reliabilities of G DS‐SF.