The Efficacy of Bioabsorbable Mesh in Craniofacial Trauma Surgery
Rigid fixation of the craniofacial skeleton has proven of great value in adult orthognathic and traumatic reconstructive surgical procedures. This technique has gained increased acceptance in the surgical treatment of infants and young children with congenital malformations, despite the fact that its effects on subsequent craniofacial growth are unknown. To examine this question, an experimental model using 25 young kittens was developed to compare rigid fixation with conventional wire fixation, with and without osteotomy. Our findings demonstrate a regional restriction of growth in the developing craniofacial skeleton when both wire and plate and screw fixation are utilized in concert with osteotomy. Further, a compensatory growth was observed in individual animals when plate fixation was utilized that was not seen in the wire-treated group. This suggests that there is a dynamic growth interaction between restriction and compensation in this setting.