An experimental study of behavioral mechanisms of relationships between red wood ants and ground beetles

  title={An experimental study of behavioral mechanisms of relationships between red wood ants and ground beetles},
  author={Elena A. Dorosheva and Zhanna Reznikova},
  journal={Entomological Review},
Behavioral mechanisms regulating the competitive relations between the red wood ant Formica aquilonia and the ground beetles Carabus regalis, Pterostichus melanarius, P. magus, P. oblongopunctatus, Harpalus smaragdinus, and Amara nitida were studied by artificially initiated collisions between living insects as well as with the use of imitation models. Members of different functional groups within an ant family (aphid-milkers, hunters, and guards) behaved differently towards beetles. Active… 

An innate template for enemy recognition in red wood ants

Comparison of behavior of ants from natural colonies and “naive” ones showed that ants having no experience of encounters with competitors responded aggressively to an integral and sufficiently realistic enemy image, suggesting that red wood ants possess an innate template for recognition of potential competitors.


Two hypotheses are proposed to explain the observed phenomenon in a Formica rufa L. colony brought into conflict with a F. cinerea colony by explaining it as a by-product of the aggressive arousal of work- ers, and ascribing to it a possible signalling function in conflict situations.

Role of social and individual experience in interaction of the meadow ant Formica pratensis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) with ladybird imagines and hoverfly larvae

Experience has been proved to be unimportant for displaying key behavioral reactions underlying ant–ladybird interaction and accumulation of experience has been assumed to play an important role in the formation of behavioral strategy that allows honeydew collectors to drive aphidophages away with lower energy costs and avoid or minimize negative consequences of aphidphages’ chemical defense.

Behavioural patterns of nocturnal carabid beetles determined by direct observations under red-light conditions

This work proposes a method of direct observation of nocturnal beetles under red-light conditions in order to gain insight into the biology of ground beetle species and investigated parameters of habitat choice, hunting behaviour and feeding of two carabid beetle species.

Effect of Formica aserva Forel (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) on ground dwelling arthropods in central British Columbia.

Carabids and spiders have potential as bioindicators, but may experience niche overlap with some ants. While some studies have uncovered mixed responses by these taxa to ants, negative associations

The Red Wood Ant Formica aquilonia (Hymenoptera : Formicidae) May Affect Both Local Species Richness and Composition at Multiple Trophic Levels in a Boreal Forest Ecosystem

Positive associations with ants of those invertebrates may be a response to excessive abundance of food and chemical mimicry, which may explain decreased species richness in lichens and epiphytes.

Kleptoparasites influence foraging behaviour of the spider Stegodyphus lineatus (Araneae, Eresidae)

Results suggest that Stegodyphus lineatus adapt its web-building behaviour in response to the risk of kleptoparasitism, and there was a tendency for spiders that were exposed to ants to build larger webs.

Effect of Kleptoparasitic Ants on the Foraging Behavior of a Social Spider (Stegodyphus sarasinorum Karsch, 1891).

The experiments suggested that the web building behavior of S. sarasinorum was influenced by the exposure to ants, however, exposure to ant caused no significant effect in the prey capture, handling time of prey and prey ingestion behaviors of the spider.

Catalog Learning: Carabid Beetles Learn to Manipulate with Innate Coherent Behavioral Patterns

This study suggests a new link between the concepts of cognition and innateness, and suggests that it is quite universal and can be present in a wide variety of species, both invertebrate and vertebrate.



Ecology and behavior of ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae).

The ground beetles from the speciose beetle family Carabidae and, since their emergence in the Tertiary, have populated all habitats except deserts and may be important natural enemies of agricultural pests.

The impact of wood ants (Formica rufa) on the distribution and abundance of ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in a Scots pine plantation

Wood ant density was found to be the most important determinant of carabid species abundance in the study site but only in areas where the density of wood ants was low.

Direct and indirect cues of predation risk influence behavior and reproduction of prey: a case for acarine interactions

Tetranychus urticae probably recognizes infochemicals (kairomones) from its predators or cues from injured spider mites and consequently avoids feeding or ovipositing in areas exposed to these cues, and may be an adaptation to avoid predators that are not inherently recognized.

L'Impregnation Dans L'Ontogenese Des Comportements De Soins Aux Cocons Chez La Jeune Fourmi Rousse (Formica Polyctena Forst.)

It seems that the first fifteen days of life constitutes a critical or sensitive period during which the stimulation received by young worker from the cocoons has a powerful influence on the behaviour which it will later manifest as an adult.

Behavior of Predatory Ground Beetle Species Aimed at Avoiding Encounters with Ants within Ant Nest Territories,

  • in Proc. II All-Russia Soil Zoology Workshop (Moscow,
  • 1999

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