An experimental approach to evaluating the role of backbone interactions in proteins using unnatural amino acid mutagenesis.

The contribution of backbone hydrogen bonds in alpha-helices to the overall stability of a protein has been examined experimentally by replacing several backbone amide linkages in alpha-helix 39-50 of T4 lysozyme with ester linkages. T4 lysozyme variants wherein the backbone amide bonds between residues Ser38 and Leu39, Lys43 and Leu44, or Ala49 and Ile50… (More)