An examination of stereotype threat effects on girls' mathematics performance.

@article{Ganley2013AnEO,
  title={An examination of stereotype threat effects on girls' mathematics performance.},
  author={Colleen M. Ganley and Leigh A. Mingle and Allison M. Ryan and Katherine E. Ryan and Marina Vasilyeva and Michelle Perry},
  journal={Developmental psychology},
  year={2013},
  volume={49 10},
  pages={
          1886-97
        }
}
Stereotype threat has been proposed as 1 potential explanation for the gender difference in standardized mathematics test performance among high-performing students. At present, it is not entirely clear how susceptibility to stereotype threat develops, as empirical evidence for stereotype threat effects across the school years is inconsistent. In a series of 3 studies, with a total sample of 931 students, we investigated stereotype threat effects during childhood and adolescence. Three… 

Tables from this paper

Does stereotype threat influence performance of girls in stereotyped domains? A meta-analysis.

Gender stereotypes: implicit threat to performance or boost for motivational aspects in primary school?

Based on stereotype threat and stereotype lift theory, this study explores implicit stereotype threat effects of gender stereotypes on the performance of primary school children in mathematics.

Does Stereotype Threat Affect Men in Language Domains?

Little evidence for stereotype threat effects on men in language is found, and Bayesian analysis suggested that the null hypothesis was consistently more likely than the alternative, and mini-meta analyses showed effect sizes near zero.

The effect of gender stereotypes on young girls’ intuitive number sense

Novel evidence is provided that for young girls who do endorse stereotypes about math and gender, contextual activation of these stereotypes may impair their intuitive number sense, potentially affecting their acquisition of formal mathematics concepts and developing interest in math-related fields.

Stereotype threat, gender and mathematics attainment: A conceptual replication of Stricker & Ward

Stereotype threat has been proposed as one cause of gender differences in post-compulsory mathematics participation. Danaher and Crandall argued, based on a study conducted by Stricker and Ward, that

The uniformity of stereotype threat: Analyzing the moderating effects of premeasured performance

Stereotype threat theory states that female and minority test-takers underperform on cognitive tests because they experience pressure by negative stereotypes about their group’s performance. The

A Replication Attempt of Stereotype Susceptibility (Shih, Pittinsky, & Ambady, 1999)

Awareness of stereotypes about a person’s in-group can affect a person’s behavior and performance when they complete a stereotype-relevant task, a phenomenon called stereotype susceptibility. Shih,

Stereotype threat in learning situations? An investigation among language minority students

Stereotype threat (ST) is a potential explanation for inequalities in language competencies observed between students from different language backgrounds. Language competencies are an important
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 87 REFERENCES

Stereotype Threat and Women's Math Performance

Abstract When women perform math, unlike men, they risk being judged by the negative stereotype that women have weaker math ability. We call this predicament stereotype threat and hypothesize that

Stereotype threat in classroom settings: the interactive effect of domain identification, task difficulty and stereotype threat on female students' maths performance.

  • J. Keller
  • Psychology
    The British journal of educational psychology
  • 2007
Evidence is provided that domain identification and the difficulty level of test items moderate stereotype threat effects on female students' maths performance, suggesting two important factors need to be considered in the attempt to understand the impact of stereotype threat on performance.

Stereotype Threat in the Classroom: Dejection Mediates the Disrupting Threat Effect on Women’s Math Performance

It appears that dejection emotions mediate the effect of threat manipulation in women working on mathematical problems, and this effect exists in this everyday setting: high school classrooms.

Can Stereotype Threat Explain the Gender Gap in Mathematics Performance and Achievement?

Men and women score similarly in most areas of mathematics, but a gap favoring men is consistently found at the high end of performance. One explanation for this gap, stereotype threat, was first

Stereotype Threat and Arousal: Effects on Women's Math Performance

An experiment tested the hypothesis that telling participants that a math test they are about to take is known to have gender differences would cause stereotype threat in women but not in men, and results were consistent with an arousal-based explanation of stereotype threat effects.

Girls' math performance under stereotype threat: the moderating role of mothers' gender stereotypes.

Results confirmed that stereotype threat impaired girls' performance on math tasks among students from kindergarten through 2nd grade, and mothers' but not fathers' endorsement of gender stereotypes about math moderated girls' vulnerability to stereotype threat.

A threat in the air. How stereotypes shape intellectual identity and performance.

  • C. Steele
  • Psychology
    The American psychologist
  • 1997
Research shows that this threat dramatically depresses the standardized test performance of women and African Americans who are in the academic vanguard of their groups, that it causes disidentification with school, and that practices that reduce this threat can reduce these negative effects.

Stereotype Susceptibility in Children: Effects of Identity Activation on Quantitative Performance

The results suggest that the development of stereotype susceptibility is a critical domain for understanding the connection between stereotypes and individual behavior.

The Interference of Stereotype Threat With Women's Generation of Mathematical Problem-Solving Strategies

At the highest levels of math achievement, gender differences in favor of men persist on standardized math tests. We hypothesize that stereotype threat depresses women's math performance through
...