An examination of happiness as a buffer of the rumination-adjustment link: Ethnic differences between European and Asian American students

@article{Tsai2011AnEO,
  title={An examination of happiness as a buffer of the rumination-adjustment link: Ethnic differences between European and Asian American students},
  author={William Tsai and Edward C. Chang and Lawrence J. Sanna and Abbey J. Herringshaw},
  journal={Asian American Journal of Psychology},
  year={2011},
  volume={2},
  pages={168-180}
}
Individuals who ruminate (i.e., a tendency to respond to negative life events with negative self-reflection) have consistently been found to be associated with maladaptive functioning (i.e., anxious and depressive symptoms). Happy individuals, on the other hand, have been found to have minimized anxious and depressive symptoms. Not surprisingly, rumination is negatively correlated with happiness. However, ethnic variations in the associations between these variables have not been studied… 
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