An evidenced-based perspective on the validity of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in the context of high intelligence

  title={An evidenced-based perspective on the validity of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in the context of high intelligence},
  author={Nanda N. J. Rommelse and Marieke van der Kruijs and Jochem Damhuis and Ineke H C Hoek and Stijn Smeets and Kevin M. Antshel and Lianne Hoogeveen and Stephen V. Faraone},
  journal={Neuroscience \& Biobehavioral Reviews},

High intelligence and the risk of ADHD and other psychopathology

Higher IQ score was most strongly related to fewer attention problems, with more rater discrepancy in the high v. average IQ range, and attention problems in highly intelligent children are exceptional and affect school performance; they are therefore a reason for clinical concern.

Cognitive correlates of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents with high intellectual ability

The findings indicate the cognitive profile of ADHD is similar in highly versus average intelligent individuals with ADHD, although ADHD-related cognitive deficits may be easily overlooked in the high intelligence population when compared to the typical (i.e., average intelligent) control group.

Brain voxel-based morphometry correlates of emotion dysregulation in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

Structural magnetic resonance imaging data from 118 children with ADHD and typically developing controls were processed using voxel-based morphometry, adding to the evidence that some specific neural correlates are underpinning ED across ADHD and TDC.

ADHD in Childhood and Adolescence : Update 2020

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a frequently observed, chronic neuropsychiatric condition with a genetic background, multiple comorbidities, and a wide spectrum of individual and

Masking effect of high IQ on the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test in an adult sample with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

A masking of performance-based memory deficits in the context of higher IQ in adults with ADHD is suggested, supporting growing evidence that higher IQ masks neurocognitive deficits during the assessment of adults with ADHD.

The Moderating Role of Emotional Regulation on the Relationship between School Results and Personal Characteristics of Pupils with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

This study aimed to explore the possible moderating role of emotional regulation in the relationship between problem-solving ability, visuomotor precision and visuospatial integration on the one hand

Investigative interviewing of youth with ADHD – recommendations for detective training

Australian detectives’ perceptions regarding contact with ADHD-affected youth, ongoing contact of such youth with the CJS, and the impact of ADHD on interviewing time efficiency and quality of information gathered are reviewed.

Brain-behavior patterns define a dimensional biotype in medication-naïve adults with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

This work suggests that childhood-onset adult ADHD is a single disorder characterized by dimensional brain-symptom mediators, characterized by a unique combination of altered connectivity correlating with symptoms of hyperactivity-impulsivity, inattention, and intelligence.



Is adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder a valid diagnosis in the presence of high IQ?

It is suggested that adults with ADHD and a high IQ display patterns of functional impairments, familiality and psychiatric co-morbidities that parallel those found in the average-IQ adult ADHD population.

The scientific foundation for understanding attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder as a valid psychiatric disorder

  • S. Faraone
  • Psychology
    European child & adolescent psychiatry
  • 2005
Evidence is presented to show that ADHD meets the criteria for a valid psychiatric diagnosis and has a biological basis and a characteristic response to treatment, which support the idea that ADHD is a valid diagnostic category.

Temporal stability of ADHD in the high-IQ population: results from the MGH Longitudinal Family Studies of ADHD.

These results provide further support for the predictive validity of ADHD in high-IQ youths, with ADHD status a significant predictor for higher impairments across most social, academic, and family functional domains.

Co-Occurrence of ADHD and High IQ

The data support the hypothesis that ADHD is a valid diagnosis in children with high IQs, and this case series presents the results as a case series.

Gender differences in ADHD: a meta-analysis and critical review.

  • M. GaubC. Carlson
  • Psychology
    Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
  • 1997
The need for future research examining gender differences in ADHD is strongly indicated, with attention to methodological limitations of the current literature, including the potential confounding effects of referral bias, comorbidity, developmental patterns, diagnostic procedures, and rater source.

A trial-by-trial analysis reveals more intense physical activity is associated with better cognitive control performance in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

It is suggested that excessive motoric activity associated with clinically significant ADHD symptoms may reflect compensatory efforts to modulate attention and alertness and how it might be used to improve cognitive performance.

Executive functioning in adult ADHD: a meta-analytic review

Neuropsychological difficulties in adult ADHD may not be confined to executive functioning, and the field is in urgent need of better-designed executive functioning tests, methodological improvements, and direct comparisons with multiple clinical groups to answer questions of specificity.

Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in the context of a high intellectual quotient/giftedness.

  • K. Antshel
  • Psychology
    Developmental disabilities research reviews
  • 2008
The diagnosis of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children with a high intellectual quotient (IQ) and/or giftedness is controversial with many opinions existing on both sides of the

What causes attention deficit hyperactivity disorder?

The evidence to date suggests that both rare and multiple common genetic variants likely contribute to ADHD and modify its phenotype and recent developments in the understanding of risk factors that influence ADHD are considered.