An evaluation of efficacy of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of head and neck swellings.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of swellings in the head and neck regions. METHODS For this study, 70 cases with clinically obvious swellings in head and neck regions were selected randomly. The ultrasonographic features considered were shape, boundary, echo intensity, ultrasound architecture of lesion, posterior echoes and ultrasound characteristic of tissues. Intergroup comparisons were made between four different types of swellings: inflammatory; cystic; benign; and malignant. RESULTS A comparison was made between benign and malignant neoplasms, and the criteria of boundary, echo intensity and ultrasound architecture of lesions are statistically significant as the P-value is <0.05. The comparison of inflammatory swellings and malignant neoplasms shows that criteria of boundary and ultrasound architecture of lesions are statistically significant. The comparison of cystic swellings and benign neoplasms concluded that only the criterion of ultrasound characteristics of tissues is statistically significant. The comparison of inflammatory swellings and benign neoplasms shows that the criteria of boundary and echo intensity are statistically significant. The comparison of inflammatory swellings and cystic swellings concluded that the criteria of boundary, shape, echo intensity, posterior echoes and ultrasound characteristics of tissues are statistically significant. The comparison of cystic swellings and malignant neoplasms concluded that the criteria of ultrasonography, boundary, shape, echo intensity, ultrasound architecture of lesion, posterior echoes and ultrasound characteristics of tissues are statistically significant as the P-value is <0.05. CONCLUSION It can be concluded that clinical diagnosis had a sensitivity and accuracy of 85.7% and ultrasonographic diagnosis had a sensitivity and accuracy of 98.5%.

DOI: 10.1259/dmfr/68658286

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Cite this paper

@article{Chandak2011AnEO, title={An evaluation of efficacy of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of head and neck swellings.}, author={Rohit Chandak and Shirish S. Degwekar and Rahul R Bhowte and Mukta Bhagwandas Motwani and Pankaj J. Banode and Monaj Chandak and Sudhir Rawlani}, journal={Dento maxillo facial radiology}, year={2011}, volume={40 4}, pages={213-21} }