An estimate of female mate searching costs in the lekking butterfly Coenonympha pamphilus

@article{Wickman1997AnEO,
  title={An estimate of female mate searching costs in the lekking butterfly Coenonympha pamphilus},
  author={P. Wickman and P. Jansson},
  journal={Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology},
  year={1997},
  volume={40},
  pages={321-328}
}
Abstract We estimated the cost to females of the lekking butterfly Coenonympha pamphilus of visiting males on leks instead of taking off and soliciting courtship from males passing them outside leks, as occurs in the non-lekking congener C. tullia. We followed released virgin females of C. pamphilus in the field until they mated. We estimated the time they lost by remaining perched and not approaching males that passed them, and observed how often and at what distance virgin females were passed… Expand
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